Professor, Aviation Human Factors / Director, ABTA Institute
Aeronautics, College of
Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering (Human Factors Dissertation) University of Central Florida 2000
MBA Florida Institute of Technology 1996
B.S. in Business Administration University of Central Florida 1993
Recognition & Awards
-Top Five Nominee for Faculty of the Year by Lambda Chi Alpha (2013)
-Supervisor over Student workers of the Year Award (2012)
-Project Management Institute (PMI) Space Coast Florida Chapter Volunteer of the Year Award (2011)
-Joan Bixby Award (2011)
-Project Management Professional (PMP) Certificate (2002)
-CompTIA Project+ Information Technology Certificate (2002)
-National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA) Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Graduate Fellowship (1999 – 2000)
-Logistics Specialty Award for exceptional achievement in Logistics Management Information Systems by the Society of Logistics Engineers (1999)
Advanced Human Factors
Aviation Economics & Fiscal Management
Dr. Deborah Carstens became a faculty member at Florida Tech in Fall 2003. She was promoted to Full Professor in 2014 (and Associate Professor in 2008). She previously worked as an Information Systems faculty member for the College of Business (with a Joint Appointment in the College of Aeronautics since 2007) for eleven years and NASA KSC for eleven years. In her business and aeronautics position, she continued to serve as the Academic Chair over the Online MBA in Project Management through December 2015. Her background is in instructing both campus and online courses. She published a textbook in Project Management Tools & Techniques which became available in 2013. She currently instructs graduate and undergraduate courses in human performance, human automation and advanced human factors and previously instructed courses in Management Information Systems, New Product Development, Human-Computer Interaction/Usability, IT Project Management and System Design and Development. She is currently working on two funded efforts. These efforts involve transfer of training for UAS operations assessing how training differences impact an operator's ability to perform UAS operations and to optimize human factors aspects of flight training. During 2011-2013, Dr. Carstens worked on a Small Business Administration funded research project as Principal Investigator and Director over the Activity Based Total Accountability (ABTA) Institute (http://abta.fit.edu/about/). During the 2008-2009 academic year, Dr. Carstens also received funds for the initial stage of the project which was funded by the Florida Department of Education (DOE) research grant where she served as the Principal Investigator and Director over the ABTA Institute.
Previously, she worked for NASA Kennedy Space Center (KSC) as a civil-servant from 1992 through 2003 in the field of project management and human factors engineering research. Her focus as an engineer was to apply human factor principles to improve processes and systems affiliated with several KSC programs such as shuttle, payloads, and future spaceport operations. She was the principal investigator on several research projects that included the development of human factors task analysis software and a model to predict safety and efficiency bottlenecks in programs’ processes. She was also the Process and Human Factors Engineering (P&HFE) Roadmap Manager responsible for the identification of P&HFE technology needs at KSC for 2000 to year 2025. Her past NASA position had her serve as the Study Manager over several research studies focused on safety and ergonomics that were conducted on space shuttle activities for the Industrial Engineering for Safety Program.
She is the faculty advisor for the Florida Institute of Technology's Human Factors Professional Association. She is a member of the Human Factors & Ergonomics Society (HFES), Space Coast Chapter of HFES with an officer position covering Fl Tech recruitment/events, Computer Systems Technical Group (CSTG) and Healthcare Technical Group (HTG) under HFES, Project Management Institute (PMI), Space Coast Chapter of PMI and previously the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). She is active in the International Conference in Engineering and Management Systems (IEMS) serving as Track or Session Chairs in Business & Human Engineering since 2002. In 2011, she also served as Chair of the session "Towards a Human-Centered Web" for the Human-Computer Interaction International Conference. She serves on the Editorial Review Board for the Journal of Management and Engineering Integration. Dr. Carstens also serves as a reviewer for several journals, encyclopedias, publishers and conferences to include Managing Editor for the Internation Journal of Aviation Sciences.
Faculty Advisor, Human Factors Professional Association (Student Organization)
Managing Editor, International Journal of Aviation Sciences
Dr. Carstens is currently working on a funded effort on transfer of training for unmanned aerial systems (UAS) operations during 2015-2016. The effort involves providing UAS operator training to pilots and non-pilots in simulated or real-world environments to assess how training transfers and impacts an operator's ability to perform UAS operations in a real-world environment. She is also working on a funded effort overseas to optimizae human factors and safety aspects of flight training during 2014-2016.
Dr. Carstens was previously awarded, during the 2011-2013 academic year, with federal funding from the Small Business Administration to further her Activity Based Total Accountability (ABTA) Institute research to perform a usability and technical analysis of transparency Websites. She was awarded in 2008-2009 funding through the Florida Department of Education to establish the Activity Based Total Accountability (ABTA) Institute that developed reports identifying the cost of government services throughout the fifty states. Dr. Carstens was also awarded in April 2007 funding through the Academic Information Technology Committee to conduct a study to understand the effectiveness of podcasts as well as potential uses of podcasts in an academic setting that involved the testing of 120 participants. She also received funding in Spring 2006 to conduct usability testing studies of travel sales websites that included an international human-computer interaction testing component. In 2004 and 2005, she completed two funded healthcare research grants. She was the Principal Investigator over a task and error analysis research study to improve the efficiency of treatment and improve the safety of Marchman (substance-abuse) and Baker (mental health) Act patients which was funded by a local healthcare organization. She was also a key player on a Department of Heatlh & Human Services (Agency for Healthcare Research in Quality) grant in which she led the human factors portion of the grant through performing task and error analyses resulting in the identification of a better process flow for patients transitioning from different continuums of care. For NASA, she was active as Principal Investigator over research on various projects to enhance safety, efficiency and costs with systems, processes and operations.
In her career both at Florida Tech and NASA KSC, she has brought in over a million dollars of funded research. She has had an opportunity to work on funded research grants in usability, task analysis, human error, patient safety, learning effectiveness, transfer of training, and government accountability.
Carstens, D.S., Winter, S.R. & Deaton, J. (2015). Safety and Human Factors Perspectives in Flight Training. Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2015, Cocoa Beach, FL., 35-40.
Carstens, D.S. & VanLandingham, G. (2015). Through a Glass, Darkly: The Promise and Reality of State Transparency Websites, Online Journal of Applied Knowledge Management, 3(1), 37-50.
Mehta, R., Rice, S., Carstens, D., Cremer, I. & Oyman, K. (2015). A brief intermodal rail network (IRN) scale: Establishing validity and reliability, Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(6), 1-11.
Johnson, K., Carstens, D. & Rice, S. (2015). Airline marketing preferences. 8th Annual Human Factors and Applied Psychology Student Conference, Daytona Beach, FL.
Carstens, D.S., Kies, S. & Stockman, S. (2015). E-Government Transparency and Citizen Engagement Increasing Accountability. In K. Bwalya and S. Mutula (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Electronic Democracy and Government. Niagara Falls, NY: IGI Publishing, 189-214.
Carstens, D.S., Rodriguez, W. & Wood, M.B. (2014). Task and Error Analysis Balancing Benefits over Business of Electronic Medical Records, International Journal of Electronic Healthcare, 7(4), 331-348.
Carstens, D.S. & Audu, A. (2014). Government Accountability and Transparency Mobile Readiness. Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2014, Cocoa Beach, FL. 1-8.
Doss, S.K. & Carstens, D.S. (2014). Big Five Personality Traits and Brand Evangelism, International Journal of Marketing Studies, 6(3), 13-22.
Carstens, D. S., Kies, S. & Stockman, R. (2014). Achieving Useful Government Accountability and Transparency Websites. In D. Yannacopoulos, P. Manolitzas, N. Matsatsinis & E. Grigoroudis (Eds.), Evaluating Websites and Web Services: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on User Satisfaction. Niagara Falls, NY: IGI Publishing, 19-41.
Carstens, D.S., Richardson, G.L. & Smith, R.B. (2013). Project Management Tools & Techniques, CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group: New York.
Carstens, D.S. & Stockman, R. (2013) Does Socializing Result in Community Passwords?" Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2013, Cocoa Beach, FL.
S. Fiore, W. Rodriguez & D. Carstens (2012) uCollaborator: Framework for STEM Project Collaboration Among Geographically-Dispersed Student/Faculty Teams, Journal of STEM Education: Innovations and Research, 13(2), 84-92.
Carstens, D.S. & Kies, S. (2012) How Helpful is Google+, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2012, Cocoa Beach, FL.
Lee, M., Carstens, D. S. & Malone, L. C. (2011) Discussion forum rubrics: using rubrics to enhance and increase project management students’ participation in online discussions, Journal of Project, Program & Portfolio Management, 2(2), 35-53.
Carstens, D. & Becker, S.A. (2011) A Usability Model for Government Web Sites, Human-Computer Interaction International 2011, poster publication, July 9-14, 2011, Orlando, FL.
Carstens, D. S. & Giguere, V. (2011) Is Your Social Networking Privacy Reliant on Intuitive Interfaces? Proceedings of the Human Computer Interaction International 2011, Orlando, FL. CD-ROM [invited paper].
Becker, S. A. & Carstens, D.S. (2011) An Exploratory Study of State Government Use of Social Media, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2011, Cocoa Beach, FL.
Becker, S. A., Carstens, D. S. & Linton, T. M. (2010) Heuristic Evaluation of State Electronic Government to Promote Usability for Citizens of All Age, Journal of Management & Engineering Integration.
Rodriguez, W., Fiore, S., DeWelde, K., Carstens, D., Kepuska, V. Z. (2010) Ubiquitous Collaboration (uC) Learning: Connecting the Physical and Virtual Worlds, Ubiquitous Learning: An International Journal, 2(2), 43-63.
Carstens, D. S., Feizi, S. & Malone, L. (2009) Traveling Abroad? A Usability Assessment of Travel Sales Websites, Journal of Management & Engineering Integration, 2(1), 17-24.
Carstens, D. S., Becker, S. A. (2009) A Heuristic Study on the Usability of State Government Performance Data Web Sites, Issues in Innovation, 4(1), 15-44.
Carstens, D. S., Patterson, P., Laird, R. & Preston, P. (2009) Task analysis of healthcare delivery system, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 6, 15-27.
Carstens, D. S., Giguere, V. & Quist, J. S. (2009) Elements of Effective Learning: Study of Face-To-Face Versus Podcast Lectures, Journal of Management & Engineering Integration, 2 (1), 9-16.
Rodriguez, W., Fiore, S.M., and Carstens, D. (2009) uCollaborator: 3-D Simulated Platform for Collaborating Visually with Geographically-Dispersed Design Teams, Proceedings of the ASEE-EDGD Mid-Year Conference, Berkeley, CA, January 4-7.
Kepuska, V. Z., Gurbuz, S., Rodriguez, W., Fiore, S., Carstens, D., Converse, P. and Metcalf, D. (2008) uC: Ubiquitous Collaboration Platform for Multimodal Team Interaction Support, Journal of International Technology and Information management, 17 (3/4), 263-284.
Carstens, D. S. and Rockfield, S. (2009). E-Collaboration in Organizations. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. Niagara Falls, NY: IGI Publishing, 1227-1231.
Carstens, D. S., Barlow, J. and Bean, L. (2009). Knowledge Management in E-Government. In M. Khosrow-Pour (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology. Niagara Falls, NY: IGI Publishing, 2361-2367.
Bean, L., Carstens, D. and Barlow, J. (2008). E-Government Knowledge Management (KM) and Data Mining Challenges: Past, Present and Future. In H. Rahman (Ed.), Social and Political Implications of Data Mining: Knowledge Management in E-Government. Niagara Falls, NY: IGI Publishing, 28-41.
Carstens, D. S. and Rockfield, S. (2008) Changing the Human Dimension in Information Security, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2008, Cocoa Beach, FL, 54-58.
Carstens, D. S. (2008). Human and Social Aspects of Password Authentication. In M. Gupta & R. Sharman (Eds.), Social and Human Elements of Information Security: Emerging Trends and Countermeasures. Niagara Falls, NY: IGI Publishing, 1-14.
Carstens, D. S., Riley, L. and Giguere, V. (2007, March) Usability in Podcast Websites, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2007, Cocoa Beach, Fl., 301-306.
Carstens, D. S. and Patterson, P. (2007, March) Planes, Hotels and Automobiles: Website Usability, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2007, Cocoa Beach, Fl., 294-300.
Carstens, D. S. (2006) Error analysis leading technology development, Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 7(6), 525-549.
Carstens, D. S., Malone, L., and Bell, P. (2006) Applying Chunking Theory in Organizational Human Factors Password Guidelines, Journal of Information, Information Technology, and Organizations, 1, 97-113.
Carstens, D. S. (2006) Patient safety technology gap: Minimizing errors in healthcare through technology innovation, Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, 3(2).
Kepuska, V., Carstens, D. S., Wallace, R. (2006, March) Leading and Trailing Silence in Wake-Up-Word Speech Recognition, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2006, Cocoa Beach, Fl, 259-266.
Carstens, D. S. (2006) Cultural barriers to human-computer interaction. In S. Marshall, W. Taylor, & X. Yu (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Developing Regional Communities with Information and Communication Technology. Niagara Falls, New York: Idea Group Inc., 146-151.
Carstens, D. S. & Patterson, P. (2005) Usability Study of travel websites, Journal of Usability Studies, 1(1), 47-61.
Carstens, D. S. (2005, July) Human Factors in Medicine: Task and Error Analysis, Proceedings of the Human Computer Interaction International 2005, Las Vegas, NV. CD-ROM [invited paper]
Carstens, D. S., Barlow, J., Patterson, P., Laird, R., and Preston, P. (2005, March) Human factors in medicine, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2005, Cocoa Beach, Fl.,236-242.
Carstens, D. S., Bell, P., Malone, L., and DeMara, R. (2004) Evaluation of the human impact of password authentication practices on information security, Informing Science: The International Journal of an Emerging Discipline, 7, 67-85.
Retnasami, K., Carstens, D. S., Barlow, J., and Lawrence, W. (2004, March) Human factors in medical informatics, Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2004, Cocoa Beach, Fl., 208-212.
Carstens, D. S., and Relvini, K. (2004, March) Process optimization to identify potential human error in flight hardware processing, Proceedings of the 7th Annual Applied Ergonomics Conference. Orlando, FL.
Carstens, D. S., Hollingsworth, A. T., Barlow, J., Bean, L., Hott, D., and Pierce, B. (2004, July) The technology gap in patient safety, Proceedings of the 8th World Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Orlando, Fl., 268-272. [Best Paper Award]
Carstens, D. S. (2003, March) Spaceport Safety & Optimization. Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2003, Cocoa Beach, Fl., 208-216.
Barlow, J., Hott, D., Bean, L., & Carstens, D.S.(2003, April) Automatic detection of leading indicators of plagiarism. Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2003, Cocoa Beach, Fl., 564-565.
Carstens, D. S. (2002, March) Balancing business & ergonomics. Proceedings of the International Conference: Industry, Engineering & Management Systems 2002, Cocoa Beach, Fl.
Carstens, D. S. and McCauley-Bell, P. (2000, February) Importance of human error on logistics information security. Proceedings of the International Society of Logistics Engineer Congress, Orlando, Fl.
Carstens, D. S., McCauley-Bell, P. R., and Malone, L.. C. (2000, July/August) Development of a model for determining the impact of password authentication practices on information security, Proceedings of the International Ergonomics Association 2000/Human Factors & Ergonomics Society 2000 Congress. San Diego, CA.
McCauley-Bell, P. R., Carstens, D. S., Wilson, T. N., Grimsley, E. T., and Malone, L. C. (2000, June) Understanding human memory limitations and the impact of password authentication practices on information security. Proceedings of the World Automation Congress, Maui, Hawaii.
National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA) John F. Kennedy Space Center. (2000/2001). Development of human factor guidelines for authentication with passwords (John F. Kennedy Space Centers 2000/2001 Report of Research and Technology). Kennedy Space Center, FL: Carstens, D. S.