Lindeman, Ken

Education and Interdisciplinary Studies

We work to discover and apply interdisciplinary findings to improve coastal policy decisions.  We focus on the sustainable management of coastal lands, fisheries, and habitats affected by natural and human-induced disturbances including climate change. To sustain coastal economies and ecosystems, our work includes spatial planning for marine protected areas and sea level adaptation. Graduate students and postodoctoral researchers.

Geographic foci include:  a) the Southeast U.S. with a focus on east Florida from the Keys to Cape Canaveral, and b) the northwest Caribbean, particularly Cuba and Mesoamerica.  We work in other global regions associated with the IUCN Snapper, Seabream & Grunt Specialist Group.  Since the 1980s, management applications to develop policy advances have included dozens of issues involving diverse decision-makers and stakeholders (advisory panels and boards below). 

Building the Florida Tech Sustainability Program with many partners has been a primary focus since 2010.  This includes F.I.T.'s academic and applied campus/community sustainability intiatives.  We administer the Virtual Climate Adaptation Library with >1750 pdfs available from >80 global regions including a Climate Communications library.

Educational Background

Ph.D. Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami
M.S. Universidad de Puerto Rico, Dept. de Ciencias Marinas

B.S. Florida Institute of Technology, Dept. of Biological Sciences

Current Courses

-  Introduction to Sustainability - ISC 1500
-  Systems, Governance, & Sustainability - ISC 3250
-  Sustainability Project Design - ISC 3999
-  Applied Sustainability - ISC 4000
Other F.I.T. courses include:
-  Coastal Systems Planning - OCN 5801
-  Sustainable Tourism - BUS 4504-5070
-  Special Topics: Marine Protected Areas - OCN 5903

Professional Experience

-  F.I.T.:  Professor, Sustainability Program Chair, 2010-present; Online Sciences Program Chair, 2011-14;  Research Professor, Doherty Fellow, 2007-11.
-  Environmental Defense Fund:  Senior Scientist, Caribbean Program Manager, Miami, 2000-2007
-  University of Miami, RSMAS:  Postdoctoral Fellow, Graduate Asst., 1988-1999
-  Coastal Research and Education, Inc.:  Executive Director, Miami, 1989-1999
-  NOAA Southeast Fisheries Science Center:  Research Scientist, Miami, 1985-1989

Consulting:   Smithsonian Institution,  NOAA-NMFS,  Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection,  Conservation International,  S. Atlantic Fishery Management Council,  National Geographic Society,  U.N. Food & Agriculture Organization.

Products include:
- >65 research publications include: a) articles in 18 peer-review science and policy journals; b) 2 co-authored books; c) chapters in 5 others; and c) several science/policy contract assessments (Florida DEP, NOAA, UN). File links below.
- Strategic co-management of >30 conservation campaigns in English or Spanish with many partners. Co-developed >5 habitat & fishery conservation laws, >15 marine protected areas, and varied coastal management and climate adaptation advances among 4 Caribbean countries & the southeast US using science & policy with local partners.
- >50 graduate student committees at 8 universities, 4 countries.
- >20 grants awarded and managed, >$3,500,000. Directed/assisted >5 corporate start-ups since1989 (non-profit and FL S Corp.).
- >20 international, federal, local advisory panels & steering committees since 2000.
- >130 conference/workshop presentations in English and Spanish, >30 invited, most w/ abstracts.
- Instructed or guest-lectured >10 university courses in sciences or environ. policy. Adjunct professor at three universities, lecturer in Spanish at five. 
- Ad hoc work with partners on >50 other policy decision points in the coastal U.S. & Latin America since mid-1980s. Efforts have often involved engaged citizens using independent, science-based policy alternatives to advance sustainability initiatives at local and regional scales. 
- Manuscript reviews: >35 differing journals and >5 books.  Proposal reviews: >10 funding institutions.

Advisory Panels: Current/recent:
IUCN Species Survival Commission - Global Snapper, Seabream, Grunt Specialist Group (Co-chair); IUCN Species Conservation Planning Sub-Committee; FAO Working Group on Caribbean Spawning Aggregations; National Geographic Destination Stewardship Survey Panel; World Bank Targeted Coral Reef Connectivity Workgroup; Habitat Advisory Panel - Caribbean Fishery Manag. Council; US-Brasil Marine Policy Consortium.
U.S. National and Regional
South Atlantic Fishery Management Council:  MPA Expert Workgroup;  Oculina Bank Reserve Evaluation Team;  Habitat Advisory Panel; Snapper-Grouper Advisory Panel;  National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, Marine Connectivity Working Group.
Florida State and Local
Comprehensive Planning & Advisory Board, Sea-Level Rise Subcommittee, City of Satellite Beach;  Stronger Safer Florida;  State of Forida Community Resiliency Initiative;  Brevard County Comprehensive Maritime Management Master Plan Workgroup;  Steering Committee - 2013 Sea Level Rise Summit;  SE Florida Coral Reef Initiative - Maritime Construction Workgroup.

Non-profit Board Membership, Current/recent:
Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute (incorp. 1947);  Marine Resources Council of East-central Florida;  Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations;  Coastal Research and Education.

Current Research

- Converging science with policy to develop more sustainable coastal governance.
- Coastal protected areas & spatial management: Caribbean and SE United States.
- Development, connectivity, and management of coastal fishes. 
- Applied organizational sustainability.

Selected Publications

Lindeman, K.C., L.E. Dame, C.B. Avenarius, B.P. Horton, J.P. Donnelly, D.R. Corbett, A.C. Kemp, P. Lane, M.E. Mann, and W.R. Peltier. In press. Science needs for sea-level adaptation planning: comparisons among three U.S. Atlantic coast regions. Coastal Management. 

Lindeman, K.C.  In press.  Applied sustainability education with a systems science emphasis at a STEM university.  In Banse, G. ed. Urban and Regional Sustainability. Institute of Technology and Systems Analysis, Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology, Sigma Publishers.   

Ariza, E., K.C. Lindeman, P. Mozumder, and D.O. Suman.  2014.  Beach management in Florida: assessing stakeholder perceptions on governance.  Ocean and Coastal Management. 96:82-93. 

P.F. Sale and 22 others.  2014.  Transforming management of tropical coastal seas to cope with challenges of the 21st century.  Marine Pollution Bulletin. 85:8-23.

CSA Ocean Sciences Inc.  2014.  Mitigating the functions of nearshore hardbottom in east Florida: field comparisons of natural and artificial reef structures. Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection, Bureau of Beaches and Coastal Systems, Tallahassee, FL.

Jordan, L.K.B., K.C Lindeman, and R.E. Spieler.  2012.  Depth-variable settlement patterns and predation influence on newly settled reef fishes (Haemulon spp., Haemulidae). PLOS One 7(12):1-11.

Lindeman, K.C., E. Müller, and G. Ricci.  2012.  Marine protected area management: improving performance by professionalizing career paths with integrated training, certification, and trade organization development.  Periodica Oeconomica (1):39-49.

Russell, M.,B. Luckhurst and K C. Lindeman.  2012.  Management of spawning aggregations. pp. 371-404. In Y. Sadovy de Mitcheson and P. Colin (eds.).  Reef Fish Spawning Aggregations: Biology, Research and Management.  Springer Press, 621 pp.

Müller, E. and K.C. Lindeman.  2012.  Climate change in several Central and South American ecosystems: challenges and needs for effective management.  In:  Banse, G., G. Nelson, and O. Parodi (eds.).  Sustainable Development: The Cultural Perspective: Concepts - Aspects - Examples. Sigma Publishers, Berlin.

Lindeman, K.C. and T. Ruppert.  2011.  Policy recommendations and training to improve agency permitting, compliance, and enforcement for coral resource conservation in southeast Florida.  Florida Dept. of Environmental Protection, Southeast Florida Coral Reef Initiative, 207 pp.

Moura, R.L, R.B. Francini-Filho, E.M. Chaves, C.V. Minte-Vera, and K.C. Lindeman. 2011.  Use of riverine through reef habitat systems by dog snapper (Lutjanus jocu) in eastern Brazil.  Estuarine and Coastal Shelf Science 95(1):274-278.

Lindeman, K.C., H.T. Gibson, and H. Yu.  2010.  Participatory climate adaptation in coastal Florida:  increasing roles for water-users and independent science.  Proc. Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute  Vol. 62:7-11.

Cowan, J. H., C. B. Grimes, W. F. Patterson, C. J. Walters, A. C. Jones, W. J. Lindberg, D. J. Sheehy, W. E. Pine, J. E. Powers, M. D. Campbell, K. C. Lindeman, S. L. Diamond, R. Hilborn, H. T. Gibson and K. A. Rose.  2010.  Red snapper management in the Gulf of Mexico: science- or faith-based?  Reviews in Fish Biology & Fisheries.  DOI 10.1007/s11160-010-9165-7.

Sale, P.F., H. Van Lavieren, M.C. Ablan, J. Atema, M. Butler, C. Fauvelot, J.D. Hogan, G.P. Jones, K.C. Lindeman, C.B. Paris, R. Steneck and H.L. Stewart.  2010.  Preserving reef connectivity: a handbook for marine protected area managers. Connectivity Working Group, GEF Coral Reef Targeted Research & Capacity Building Program, United Nations University, INWEH. 79 pp. 

Claro, R., Y. Sadovy de Mitcheson, K. C. Lindeman, and A. Garca-Cagíde.  2009.  Historical analysis of commercial Cuban fishing effort and the effects of management interventions on important reef fishes: 1960 – 2005.  Fisheries Research 99(1):7-16. 

CSA International.  2009.  Ecological functions of nearshore hardbottom habitat in east Florida: a literature synthesis. Florida Dept. of Environ. Protection, Bureau of Beaches and Coastal Systems, Tallahassee, FL. 266 pp.

Rocha, L.A., K.C. Lindeman, C.R. Rocha, and H.A. Lessios.  2008.  Historical biogeography and speciation in the reef fish genus Haemulon (Teleostei: Haemulidae).  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 48:918–928.

Lindeman, K.C. 2008. The uncommon common fishes. March:82-88. Florida Sportsman.

Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y., Cornish, A., Domeier, M., Colin, P. L., Russell, M., and Lindeman, K.C. 2008. Reef fish spawning aggregations: a global baseline.  Conservation Biology 22(5):1233-1244.

Sale, P.F., M. J. Butler IV, A.J. Hooten, J.P. Kritzer, K.C. Lindeman, Y.J. Sadovy de Mitcheson, R.S. Steneck and H. VanLavieren. 2008. Stemming decline of the coastal ocean: Rethinking environmental management. United Nations University Policy Brief, INWEH, Hamilton, Canada. 42 pp.

Lindeman, K.C. 2007. Manejo costero sin integracion en el Caribe noroeste: tendencias actuales y escenarios futuros. Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Institute 59:57-62.

Moura, R.L. and K.C. Lindeman. 2007.  A new species of snapper (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) from Brazil and the southern distributional status of Lutjanus griseus and L. apodus.  Zootaxa 1422:31-43.

Lindeman, K.C. 2005.  Inermiidae: Bonnetmouths. pp. 1647-1650 in W.J. Richards, ed.  Guide to the Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. CRC Press. 2581 pp.

Lindeman, K.C., W.J. Richards, J. Lyczkowski-Shultz, D.M. Drass, C.B. Paris, J.M. Leis, M. Lara, and B.H. Comyns. 2005. Lutjanidae: Snappers. pp. 1549-1585 in W.J. Richards, ed. Guide to the Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. CRC Press. 2581 pp.

Lindeman, K.C. and W.J. Richards. 2005.  Grunts: Haemulidae. pp. 1597-1645 in W.J. Richards, ed. Guide to the Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. CRC Press. 2581 pp.

Sale, P.F. R.K. Cowen, B.S. Danilowicz, G.P. Jones, J.P. Kritzer, K.C. Lindeman, S. Planes, N.V.C. Polunin, G.R. Russ, Y.J. Sadovy and R.S. Steneck. 2005. Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20(2):74-80.

Lindeman, K.C. and D. DeMaria. 2005.  Juveniles of the Caribbean’s largest coral reef snapper do not use reefs.  Coral Reefs 24:359.

Paris, C.B., R.K. Cowen, R. Claro and K.C. Lindeman. 2005.  Larval transport pathways from Cuban spawning aggregations (Snappers; Lutjanidae) based on biophysical modeling.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 296:93-106.

Estrada, R., A. Hernández Avila, J. Luis Gerhartz Muro, A. Martínez Zorrilla, M. Melero Leon, M. Bliemsrieder Izquierdo, and K.C. Lindeman.  2004.  The Cuban National System of Marine Protected Areas.  Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas, CITMA, La Habana, 16 pp.    

Duval, M.A., D.N. Rader, and K.C. Lindeman. 2004.  Linking habitat protection and marine protected area programs to conserve coral reefs and associated backreef habitats.  Bulletin of Marine Science 75(2):321-334.

Bush, D.M., W.J. Neal, N.J. Longo, K.C. Lindeman, D.F. Pilkey, L.S. Esteves, J.D. Congleton, and O.H. Pilkey. 2004.  Living with Florida’s Atlantic Beaches: Coastal Hazards from Amelia Island to Key West. Duke University Press. 338 pp.

Mumby, P.J., A.J. Edwards, J. Ernesto Arias-Gonzalez, K.C. Lindeman, P.G. Blackwell, A. Gall, M.I. Gorczynska, A.R. Harborne, C.L. Pescod, H. Renken, C.C. Wabnitz, and G. Llewellyn. 2004.  Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean.  Nature. 427:533-536.

Lindeman, K.C. and R.S. Appeldoorn. 2003.  Improving applications of science in marine protected area design and management: workshop report.  Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):195-198.

Appeldoorn, R.S. and K.C. Lindeman. 2003.  A Caribbean-wide survey of no-take marine reserves: spatial coverage and attributes of effectiveness.  Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):139-154.

Lindeman, K.C. and C. Toxey. 2003.  Haemulidae - Grunts. pp. 1522-1550 In K. E. Carpenter, ed. The Living Marine Resources of the Central Western Atlantic. Volume 3, part 2: Bony fishes, sea turtles and marine mammals. United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome.

Claro, R. and K.C. Lindeman. 2003.  Spawning aggregation sites of snapper and grouper species (Lutjanidae and Serranidae) on the insular shelf of Cuba.  Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):91-106.

Lindeman, K.C. J.T.B. Tripp, D.J. Whittle, A. Moulaert-Quiros and E. Stewart. 2003.  Sustainable coastal tourism in Cuba: roles of environmental impact assessments, certification programs, and protection fees.  Tulane Environmental Law Journal. 16:591-618.

Whittle, D. J., K. C. Lindeman, and J. T. B. Tripp. 2003.  International tourism and protection of Cuba's coastal and marine environments.  Tulane Environmental Law Journal. 16:533-589

Kingsford , M.J., J. M. Leis, A. Shanks, K. C. Lindeman, S. G. Morgan and J. Pineda. 2002.  Sensory environments, larval abilities and local self-recruitment.  Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1):309-340.

Sponaugle, S., R. K. Cowen, A. Shanks, S. G. Morgan, J. M. Leis, J. Pineda, G. W. Boehlert, M. J. Kingsford, K. C. Lindeman, C. Grimes, and J. L. Munro. 2002.  Predicting self–recruitment in marine populations: biophysical correlates. Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1):341-376.

Strathmann, R. R., T. P. Hughes, A. M. Kuris, K. C. Lindeman, S. G. Morgan, J. M. Pandolfi, and R. R. Warner. 2002. Evolution of local-recruitment and its consequences for marine populations.  Bulletin of Marine Science 70(1):377-396.

Lindeman, K. C., T. N. Lee, W. D. Wilson, R. Claro, and J. S. Ault. 2001.  Transport of larvae originating in southwest Cuba and the Dry Tortugas: evidence for partial retention in grunts and snappers.  Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Inst. Vol. 52:732-747.

Lindeman, K. C., P. A. Kramer, and J. S. Ault. 2001.  Comparative approaches to coral reef monitoring and assessment: an overview.  Bulletin of Marine Science 69(2):35-38.

Claro, R., K. C. Lindeman, and L. R. Parenti. (Eds.) 2001.  Ecology of the Marine Fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press. 257 pp.

Claro, R. , J. A. Baisre, K. C. Lindeman, and J. P. García-Arteaga. 2001. Cuban fisheries: historical trends and current status. In Claro, R., K. C. Lindeman, and L. R. Parenti (eds.) Ecology of the Marine Fishes of Cuba. Smithsonian Institution Press.

Recksieck, C. W., B. R. Murphy, R. S. Appeldoorn, and K. C. Lindeman. 2001. Integrating fish fauna and habitat assessments: a fundamental step in developing fishery reserve design criteria. Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Inst. Vol. 52:654-666.

Lindeman, K. C., R. Pugliese, G. T. Waugh, and J. S. Ault. 2000. Developmental patterns within a multispecies reef fishery: management applications for essential fish habitats and protected areas. Bulletin of Marine Science 66(3):929-956.

Lindeman, K. C. and D. B. Snyder. 1999. Nearshore hardbottom fishes of southeast Florida and effects of habitat burial caused by dredging. Fishery Bulletin 97:508-525.

Claro, R. and J. P. Garcia-Arteaga (G. Bustamante and K. Lindeman, translators). 1999. Perspectives on an artificial habitat program for fishes of the Cuban shelf. Florida Sea Grant Program SGEB-49. 38 pp.

Lindeman, K. C., G. A. Diaz, J. E. Serafy and J. S. Ault. 1998. A spatial framework for assessing cross-shelf habitat use among newly settled grunts and snappers. Proc. Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Institute 50:385-416.

Ault, J. S., K. C. Lindeman and D. Clarke. 1998. FISHFATE: population dynamics models to assess risks of hydraulic entrainment by dredges. Tech. Note DOER-E4, U. S. Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Vicksburg, MS. 22 pp.

Lindeman, K. C. 1997. Comparative management of beach systems of Florida and the Antilles: applications using ecological assessment and decision support procedures. pp. 134-164. In G. Cambers, ed. Managing Beach Resources in the Smaller Caribbean Islands. UNESCO Coastal Region and Small Island Papers # 1.

Serafy, J. E., K. C. Lindeman, T. E. Hopkins, and J. S. Ault. 1997. Effects of freshwater canal discharges on subtropical marine fish assemblages: field and laboratory observations. Marine Ecology Progress Series 160:161-172.

Lindeman, K. C. 1996. Review of Ecologia de los Peces Marinos de Cuba. R. Claro, ed. Bulletin of Marine Science 58(3):568-570.

Lindeman, K. C. 1996. Ichthyofauna of a nearshore barrier island breakwater, Palm Beach, Florida. 32 pp. In R. G. Dean and R. Chen, eds. Performance of the midtown Palm Bch. prefabricated erosion prevention reef installation: July 1992-June 1995. Univ. Fl. Coastal & Ocean Engineer. Dept., UFL-COEL-96/006.

Richards, W.J., K.C. Lindeman, J. L.-Schultz, J.M. Leis, A. Röpke, M.E. Clarke, and B. H. Comyns. 1994. Guide to the identification of the early life stages of lutjanid fishes (snappers) of the western Atlantic. NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SEFSC 345:49 pp.

Lindeman, K. C. 1989. Review of Blueprint for the Environment: A Plan for Federal Action. T. Comp, ed. Sea Frontiers. Vol. 6:380-381.

Richards, W. J. and K. C. Lindeman. 1987. Recruitment dynamics of reef fishes; planktonic processes, settlement and demersal ecologies, and fishery analysis. Bulletin of Marine Science 41(2):392-410.

Lindeman, K. C.  1986.  Development of larvae of the French grunt, Haemulon flavolineatum, and comparative development of twelve western Atlantic species of Haemulon. Bulletin of Marine Science 39(3):673-716.

Appeldoorn, R. S. and K. C. Lindeman. 1985. Multispecies assessments in coral reef fisheries using higher taxonomic categories as unit stocks, with an analysis of an artisanal haemulid fishery. Proc. Fifth Internat. Coral Reef Congress 5:507-514.


1998 Cross-shelf Spatial Framework 731K
1999 Nearshore reefs and dredging 1.7M
2000 SAFMC S-G Spp Complex 970K
2003 Caribbean Marine Reserves 606K
2003 Cuban Coastal Tourism 1.1M
2004 Mangroves and Reef Fishes 443K
2005 Cubera Cross-shelf 169K
2007 Lutjanus in Brazil 1.3M
2008 Global spawning baseline.pdf 185K
2009 Cuban reef fisheries 60-05.pdf 1.6M
2008 Haemulon phylogeny.pdf 393K
2009 Nearshore Hardbottom E Fl.pdf 6.7M