Optional Practical Training (OPT) Information
Optional Practical Training for F-1 students is intended to provide hands-on practical work experience complementary to the academic program. An F-1 student is eligible for a maximum of 12 months. However, if a student begins a new academic program at a higher level (e.g., master’s after bachelor’s degree, or Ph.D. after master’s), the student is eligible for another 12 months of OPT.
Types of OPT
Reporting Requirements While on OPT
Limited Periods of Unemployment to Maintain Status
OPT Filing Window
Selecting OPT Dates
Duration of Employment Authorization
H-1B Cap-Gap Extension of Duration of Status (D/S) and OPT Work Authorization until October 1
Special Notes about your OPT
To be eligible for Optional Practical Training, you must:
- have been lawfully enrolled on a full-time basis for one full academic year;
- currently be maintaining a full-time program of study and valid F-1 status; and
- work in a job directly related to your major field of study.
Please note that students in English language training programs are not eligible for practical training. If you are uncertain whether you meet the eligibility requirements, please meet with an ISSS (International Student and Scholar Services) adviser.
OPT is available in the following cases:
- part time or full time during the student’s annual vacation and at other times when school is not in session, if the student intends to register for the following semester
- part time while school is in session
- part time or full time after completion of graduate course work requirements excluding a thesis or dissertation
- full time after completion of the course of study
Students on OPT are required to report to ISSS any change of name or address, or any interruption of such employment within 10 days. Such reporting should be done using the OPT Reporting form.
During post-completion OPT, F-1 status is dependent upon employment. Students may not accrue an aggregate of more than 90 days of unemployment during any post-completion OPT carried out under the post-completion OPT authorization.
A student will be able to file the OPT application up to 90 days before the degree completion date and up to 60 days after the degree completion date. However, the OPT application must be submitted to the USCIS within 30 days of the date on which ISSS issues an OPT I-20.
Pre-Completion: List the dates you actually intend to work. Your start date should be the earliest date that you could possibly begin work. Your end date should be the latest day that you could possibly work.
Post-Completion: If you are applying for post-completion OPT, you are given a 60-day grace period following the completion date of your studies. Therefore, for post-completion OPT, the beginning date must be within the 60-day grace period. For Ph.D. Students: You may request your post-completion OPT to begin as early as your thesis submission/defense date or as late as your graduating semester end date.
Employment authorization will begin on the date requested or the date the employment authorization is adjudicated, whichever is later.
Request an I-20 recommending OPT from ISSS. You may request an OPT I-20 by providing an ISSS adviser with the OPT I-20 Request (completed by you) and your completed I-765.
After reviewing the above, an ISSS adviser will prepare an I-20 recommending OPT.
Pick up the OPT I-20 at the ISSS office after three - five business days.
Mail the following OPT application documents (in the order listed below) to the USCIS Service Center which has jurisdiction over the address you listed on Form I-765:
- Optional – Form G-1145, e-Notification of Application/Petition Acceptance. This form is used to request an electronic notification when USCIS receives your immigration application. This is not an approval notice.
- I-765 Application Fee: check or money order made payable to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Click here for more information from USCIS regarding paying immigration fees.
- 2 passport-style photos with your name & SEVIS ID number printed on the back (it is helpful to leave the photos in the folder which they might come in, or put them in an envelope with your name and SEVIS ID number on the outside of the envelope). Click here for photo requirements.
- Form I-765, fully completed, signed, and dated. The form must be typed (not handwritten). Click here for detailed instructions on how to complete form I-765.
- Photocopy of new OPT I-20 (OPT request appears on page 2). Make sure to sign and date your new I-20 before photocopying. Do NOT send the original copy with your application.
- Photocopy of your passport (including biographical data, photo, and expiration date)
- Photocopy of your Current F-1 student visa (it is ok for your visa to be expired)
- Printed copy of your Form I-94 arrival/departure record
The following should only be sent if you have participated in CPT or OPT before:
- Photocopies of all previous I-20s you have been issued (there is no need to send the instruction page)
- Photocopy of any previous EAD cards (front and back) if you have had received an EAD card before (previous OPT; economic hardship; special student relief)
Check all documents for completeness and accuracy. Be sure to sign Forms I-20 and I-765. Once your packet is assembled, you should make a photocopy of the entire packet for your records (ISSS does not maintain copies of OPT application documents). You should then clip or staple the packet together and mail to one of the following USCIS Service Center Lockbox Facilities:
|Choose the state which corresponds with the U.S. Mailing Address you entered on your Form I-765:||Mail your application to:|
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan,
Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah,
Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming, or Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
USCIS Phoenix Lockbox
For U.S. Postal Service (USPS) deliveries:
For Express mail and courier deliveries:
Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky,
Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico,
New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, US Virgin Islands, or West Virginia
USCIS Dallas Lockbox
For U.S. Postal Service (USPS) Deliveries:
For Express mail and courier deliveries:
|It is strongly recommended that you mail your application documents by Certified Mail with Return Receipt with the United States
Postal Services (USPS) or by courier service (for example, FedEx) to have proof that your application was received.
- Once you have received your EAD/OPT card, you must submit a copy to the ISSS office. You can either scan and email it to email@example.com, or bring it to the ISSS office and we will scan a copy to your records.
- Once you have secured employment, you must report your employment information using the OPT reporting form. You should also use this form to report any change of legal name, residential or mailing address, change of employer, and/or loss of employment.
- Students on OPT are required to report to ISSS any change of name or address, or any interruption of such employment, within 10 days.
It is important to consult an ISSS advisor prior to leaving the U.S., as immigration regulations can change at any time. Currently, the following documents are required to return to the U.S.
- Post-Completion OPT:
- a valid passport
- a valid F-1 visa stamp in your passport (except Canadian and Bermudian citizens)
- your OPT I-20 endorsed for reentry by an ISSS adviser within the last 12 months
- your valid EAD card for OPT
- evidence of employment such as a job offer or employment verification letter
Please note: Your EAD will have a notation, “not valid for reentry to U.S.” This is printed on all EAD cards issued for OPT and simply means that the card alone is not sufficient for reentry to the U.S.
Pre-Completion OPT: You can travel and return to the U.S. with a valid passport, valid F-1 visa stamp and your OPT I-20 endorsed by an ISSS adviser within the last six months. You do not need evidence of a job or a valid EAD issued by USCIS to return to the U.S.
The cap-gap extension of status applies to all F-1 students in all fields of study with pending H-1B petitions (whether the 12 month card or STEM extension) during the current fiscal year. For further details regarding your Cap Gap eligibility, visit our FAQ on the Cap-Gap for F-1 Students Finishing OPT.
- We will likely shorten your program end date on your I-20 to match the date of your graduation.
- If you later decide not to mail your OPT application (Form I-765 plus supporting documentation) to USCIS for any reason, you must notify an ISSS advisor immediately so that we may timely cancel your OPT recommendation in SEVIS. Failure to inform an ISSS advisor that you are not applying for OPT can cause problems in the future.
- Please email (firstname.lastname@example.org) or fax (321) 728-4570 a copy of your EAD OPT card to ISSS immediately upon receipt.
- Please keep in mind that ISSS will not authorize CPT after post-completion OPT has been recommended. Thus, if there is any possibility for CPT in your last semester, please plan accordingly.
- While OPT is pending, we strongly advise you against changing the address listed on Form 1-765 as USClS has not been able to process change of address notifications properly. Changing your address while OPT is still pending may result in filing a new OPT application with a new fee. We suggest to use the address of someone who can receive mail on your behalf—remember to put “c/o”, followed by the person’s name and address, on Line 3 of Form I-765. The U.S. Postal Service will not forward USCIS mail.
- If you receive a Request for Evidence (RFE), please inform ISSS immediately.
- Your OPT will be automatically terminated when you receive an I-20 to study at another educational level or transfer to another school.
- If you find any errors by USCIS on your OPT/EAD card, please inform ISSS immediately.
- Immediately inform ISSS of any immigration status change.
- Note: ISSS will assess a return fee of $25.00 payable by check or money order to “Florida Institute of Technology,” prior to forwarding any I-20 returned to ISSS because of an incorrectly reported address.
NOTE: Certain science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) degree holders may be eligible for an additional 17 months of OPT in addition to the regular 12-month OPT. For Further information, please refer to OPT Extension for STEM Degree Holders and complete the OPT STEM Extension Request form. Following submission of the request form, an ISSS advisor will be in touch with you regarding your application for an extension.
Revised March 21, 2016