I received my Ph.D. in Psychology (minors in Neuroscience and Animal Behavior) from Indiana University and my M.S. in Behavior Analysis from the University of North Texas, where I founded and was President of the Organization for Reinforcement Contingencies with Animals (ORCA). Most of my past and current work involves the behavioral training and welfare of zoo, aquarium, and companion animals. I have worked with over 50 species of animals, with a focus on carnivores (ursids and felids), marine animals (penguins and pinnipeds), and primates (lemurs and callitrichids). I am currently a Senior Lecturer of Applied Animal Behaviour & Welfare in the School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences at the University of Adelaide in Australia. My past positions include a Visiting Assistant Professorship in the School of Behavior Analysis at the Florida Institute of Technology, an Affiliate Professorship in the Psychology Department at Trinity Lutheran College, an Affiliate Assistant Professorship in the Psychology Department at the University of Washington, a Research Fellowship with Woodland Park Zoo, and a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship.
PhD - Indiana University, Bloomington (Psychology)
M.S. - University of North Texas (Behavior Analysis)
B.S. - University of Florida (Psychology)
B.A. - University of Florida (Sociology)
Fernandez, E.J. (in press). Training as enrichment: A critical review. Animal Welfare.
Brereton, J.E., Tuke, J., and Fernandez, E.J. (in press). A simulated comparison of behavioural observation sampling methods. Scientific Reports.
Learmonth, M.J., Chiew, S.J., Godinez, A., and Fernandez, E.J. (in press). Animal-visitor interactions and the visitor experience: What can we learn from zoo visitor learning? Animal Behavior and Cognition.
Brererton, J.E., and Fernandez, E.J. (in press). Which index should I use? A comparison of indices for animal enclosure use studies. Animal Behavior and Cognition.
Fernandez, E.J., Upchurch, B., and Hawkes, N. (2021). Public feeding interactions as enrichment in three female zoo-housed elephants. Animals, 11, 1689.
Fernandez, E.J., and Harvey, E. (2021). Enclosure use as a measure of behavioral welfare in three zoo-housed African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 9, 88-93.
Fernandez, E.J., Myers, M., and Hawkes, N. (2021). The effects of live feeding on swimming activity and exhibit use in zoo Humboldt penguins (Spheniscus humboldti). Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens, 2, 88-100.
Fernandez, E.J. (2021). Appetitive search behaviors and stereotypies in polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Behavioural Processes, 182, 104299.
Fernandez, E.J., Yoakum, E., and Andrews, N. (2020). Seasonal and daily activity of two zoo-housed grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). Journal of Zoological and Botanical Gardens, 1, 1-12.
Sanders, K., and Fernandez, E.J. (2020). Behavioral implications of enrichment for golden lion tamarins: A tool for ex situ conservation. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 25, 1-10.
Fernandez, E.J., and Rosales-Ruiz, J. (2020). A comparison of fixed-time food schedules and shaping involving a clicker for halter behavior in a petting zoo goat. The Psychological Record, 1-5.
Fernandez, E.J. (2020). Training petting zoo sheep to act like petting zoo sheep: An empirical evaluation of response-independent schedules and shaping with negative reinforcement. Animals, 10, 1122.
Fernandez, E.J., Ramirez, M., and Hawkes, N. (2020). Activity and pool use in relation to temperature and water changes in zoo hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious). Animals, 10, 1022.
Fernandez, E.J., and Dorey, N.R. (2020). An examination of shaping with an African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata). Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 1-7.
Fernandez, E.J., and Timberlake, W. (2020). Superstition revisited: sex, species, and adventitious reinforcement. Behavioural Processes, 170, 103979.
Fernandez, E.J., and Timberlake, W. (2019). The effects of foraging devices as enrichment in captive walruses (Odobenus rosmarus). Behavioural Processes, 168, 103943.
Fernandez, E.J., Kinley, R.C., and Timberlake, W. (2019). Training penguins to interact with enrichment devices for lasting effects. Zoo Biology, 38, 481-489.
Fernandez, E.J., and Timberlake, W. (2019). Selecting and testing environmental enrichment in lemurs. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2119.
Godinez, A., and Fernandez, E.J. (2019). What is the zoo experience? How zoos impact a visitor's behaviors, perceptions, and conservation efforts. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1746.
Fernandez, E.J. (2017). The empirical zoo in the 21st Zoo Biology, 36, 170-171.
Godinez, A., Fernandez, E.J., and Morrisey, K. (2013). Visitor behaviors and perceptions of jaguar activity. Anthrozoös, 26, 613-619.
Fernandez, E.J., Tamborski, M.A., Pickens, S.R., and Timberlake, W. (2009). Animal-visitor interactions in the modern zoo: conflicts and interventions. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 120, 1-8.
Fernandez, E.J., and Timberlake, W. (2008). Mutual benefits of research collaborations between zoos and academic institutions. Zoo Biology, 27, 470-487.
Yin, S., Fernandez, E.J., Pagan, S., Richardson, S.L., and Snyder, G. (2008). Efficacy of a remote-controlled, positive-reinforcement, dog-training system for modifying problem behaviors exhibited when people arrive at the door. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 113, 123-138.
Fernandez, E.J., Dorey, N.R., and Rosales-Ruiz, J. (2004). A two-choice preference assessment with five cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 7, 163-169.