Ph.D., History, West Virginia University, May 2015
Dissertation: The Making of Natal: Defensive Institutions and State Formation in Nineteenth Century Southern Africa
Major Fields: British Imperial History, African History
Minor Fields: Modern European History, Colonial Latin American History
M.A., History, University of Central Florida, 2008
Thesis: The White Chief of Natal: Sir Theophilus Shepstone and the Native Policy of Early British Natal
B.A., History, University of Central Florida, 2005
Minor: Political Science
Assistant Professor of History, Florida Institute of Technology (2017-Present)
Visiting Assistant Professor of History, Florida Institute of Technology (2015-2017)
Instructor of African History, Jacksonville State University (2015)
Graduate Instructor of History, West Virginia University (2011-2015)
HUM 3385- Race in the Modern Age (Special Topic)
HUM 2052-Civilizations II, European History: 1500 to Present
Previous Courses Taught:
HUM 3085- History of South Africa (Special Topic)
HUM 3085- Modern Africa (Special Topic)
HUM 2051- Civilizations I, European History: Antiquity to 1500
HUM 2052H- Honors Civ 2: Revolutions in the Modern Era
HUM 2332-American History: Reconstruction to the Present
HUM 3905- Humanities Junior Seminar: Race in the Modern Age
“‘Born out of Shaka’s spear’: The Zulu Iklwa and Perceptions of Military Revolution in the Nineteenth Century,” Selected Papers of the Consortium on the Revolutionary Era (2020). https://www.revolutionaryera.org/2020-selected-papers-of-the-consortium-on-the-revolutionary-era-17501850
“‘The Same Effort and the Same Death’: The Memory of the Langalibalele Incident of 1873,” Kathy Grenier and Amanda Mushal, Editors. Cultures of Memory in the Nineteenth Century. Palgrave Macmillan, 2020: 165-181.
“The Happiest Place on Earth?: South Africa, Divestment, and Anti-Apartheid Movements in Orlando, Florida in the 1980s.” The Florida Historical Quarterly 98:1 (2019).
“The Zulu Iklwa: Evidence of an African Military Revolution in the Nineteenth Century.” Age of Revolutions (Revolutionary Material Culture Series). April 15, 2019. https://ageofrevolutions.com/2019/04/15/the-zulu-iklwa-evidence-of-an-african-military-revolution-in-the-nineteenth-century/
“‘Devote the Best Years of Their Lives’: British Solutions to Natal’s Defence Concerns in Nineteenth-Century Southern Africa.” Britain and the World 12, no. 1 (2019): 5–27. https://doi.org/10.3366/brw.2019.0310.
“‘Young men like these…’: The Volunteer Corps and the Emergence of the Settler Community in Colonial Natal.” South African Historical Journal (2017): 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/02582473.2017.1389977
“Zulu War”, “Southern Africa”, and “Volunteers,” Mark Doyle, Editor. The British Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO, 2018. http://publisher.abc-clio.com/9781440841989
“Lesotho” and “South Africa,” Paul Joseph, General Editor. The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives. SAGE Reference Publishing, 2015.
Settlers, War, and Empire in the Press, by Sam Hutchinson. Britain and the World, (Forthcoming 2021)
Njinga of Angola: Africa’s Warrior Queen, by Linda M. Heywood. H-Net, H-War Reviews. July, 2020. http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=55162
How History Gets Things Wrong: The Neuroscience of Our Addiction to Stories, by Alex Rosenberg. Philosophia, July 2020.
Race, Nation, Translation: South African Essays, 1990-2013, by Zöe Wicomb. Africa Today, 66 (1), 151-152, 2019.
On Durban’s Docks: Zulu Workers, Rural Households, Global Labor, by Ralph Callebert. Canadian Journal of African Studies, 53:1, 183-184, 2019.
The Borders of Race in Colonial South Africa: The Kat River Settlement, 1829-1856, by Robert Ross. Agricultural History, Volume 91, Number 3, Summer 2017.
European History Since 1700, by James R. Lehning. H-War, H-Net Reviews. March, 2015. http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=43086
African Police and Soldiers in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1923-80, by Timothy Stapleton. Canadian Journal of African Studies, Aug. 2012.
Editorials And Media:
“A look at the Patriotic Education Commission and the teaching of US history,” Sinclair Broadcast Group, October 30, 2020. (Interview, nationally syndicated)
“Trump's push for 'patriotic education' ignores the complexity of our national story,” Florida Today, September 25, 2020. (Guest column)
“'War to end all wars' still haunts our history on Veterans Day,” Florida Today, November 9, 2018. (Guest column)
“Shakespeare still teaching on history, race,” Florida Today, April 24, 2016. (Guest column)
I am working on a monograph on the Natal Constabulary and the importance of indigenous agency in early colonial Natal. Entitled: Badges and Knobkerries: The Natal Police, Power Dynamics, and African Agency in Nineteenth Century British Colonial Natal. Contracted with “Britain and the World” Series, Palgrave Macmillan, anticipated publication 2022
I am also working on a history of anti-apartheid movements in Central Florida. Tentatively titled:
"From Sun City to the Sunshine State: Florida and the Anti-Apartheid Movement"
Research & Project Interests
My research focuses on the manner in which Africans and Europeans were able to form their own systems of state control and defence during the period of European Imperialism in Southern Africa, notably what is today KwaZulu-Natal. By examining the African constabulary, particular instances of violent crime, my research hopes to show the role of colonial violence in the development of African agency within the British Empire and across the Atlantic World in the nineteenth century.
I have also begun an examination of the anti-apartheid movements in Central Florida, illustrating the growing popular support for such movements amongst citizen activists in the 1980s. My hope is that this research will help to place Florida in the scope of the “transnational political culture” which emerged at the twentieth century.