Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.
Title IX states: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”
- In 2010, the CDC found that 40% of women aged 18 to 59 have experienced some form of sexual violence.
- The 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence survey reported that approximately 57% of women aged 18 to 59 have experienced psychological aggression by an intimate partner in their lifetime.
- According to the Commission on Opportunity in Athletics, from the time since Title IX was enacted, female participation went from 2% of college students to 43% of college students in 2011, an increase of over 400%.
- Despite progress toward gender equality, women comprise less than 25% of participants in STEM education programs in the USA (National Coalition for Women & Girls in Education, 2012).