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Faculty Profiles

Toufiq Reza

Assistant Professor, Biomedical and Chemical Engineering and Sciences

Personal Overview:

Dr. Reza has obtained his M.S. and Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from University of Nevada, Reno. He was appointed as research scientist in Liebniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering in Potsdam, Germany. His research interest involves wastes to biofuels and materials. His research has been funded by National Science Foundation, United States Department of Agriculture, American Chemical Society, and other state and federal agencies. Reza research group promotes diversity and practices laboratory safety.  

Educational Background

Postdoc, Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering, Potsdam, Germany, 2014

Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, 2013

M.S. in Chemical Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, 2011

B.S. in Chemical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, 2008

Recognition & Awards:

  • American Chemical Society- Petroleum Research Fund (ACS-PRF) Award 2019
  • Marvan E. and Ann D. White Research Award 2019, Russ College of Engineering, Ohio University
  • Innovation Strategy Award 2016 and 2017, Ohio University
  • Stocker faculty enrichment award 2016, 2017, and 2018, Ohio University
  • Recognition as Outstanding Graduate Student Researcher 2013, by the Governor, State of Nevada
  • Outstanding Graduate Student Researcher award 2013, UNR
  • Recognition as Outstanding International Student 2012, College of Engineering, UNR.

Professional Experience

  • Senior member of American Chemical Soceity
  • Senior member of American Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • Member of Americal Soceity of Agricultural and Biological Soceity 
  • Reviewer of funding agencies: Department of Energy-Basic Energy Science (DoE-BES), Department of Energy-Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), National Science Foundation (NSF), CONACYT-Canada, Horizon 2020-EU, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)-Canada
  • Reviewer of journals: RSC Materials A, Carbon, Fuel, Energy Fuels, Environmental Science Technology, Bioresource Technology, ACS Sustainable Energy and Engineering, Journal of Cleaner Production, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, Bioresources, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Renewable Energy, Chemosphere, Waste Management, Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, Fuel Processing Technology, Energy Conversion and Management, Environmental Progress.
  • Session Chair of AIChE Annual Meetings at 2017, 2018, and 2019
  • Session Chair ACS Annual Meeting 2017
  • Served as judge for poster competition at AIChE 2017 and 2018 and presentations of ACS 2017
  • Served as judge for poster competition at 2ndHTC Symposium, Berlin, Germany
  • Served as judge for District 12 Science Fair, State of Ohio in 2017 and 2018
  • Served as judge for Ohio University Student Expo 2017, 2018, 2019
  • Adjunct scientist of Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Engineering (ATB), Germany from 08/2014-12/2015

Courses Taught

ChE 4151: Chemical Engineering Reactor Design

ChE 4284/5292: Industrial Safety

ChE 3103: Heat Transfer Processes

Current Research

Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC): In this process, wet biomass (e.g., garbage, food waste, animal waste, sewage sludge, mixed plastics) are treated at high temperature and high pressure. Water being a reaction medium for HTC is beneficial as the wet biomass could be utilized without expensive drying. Depending on process conditions and catalysts, HTC process yields solid fuel (hydrochar), liquid fuel (biocrude), and renewable natural gas (methane). Solid hydrochar could also be activated for energy storage and use to adsorb contaminants from water. 

Deep Eutectic Solvents (DES): This is a new class of solvents targeted for specific applications including but not limited to BTX from naphtha, platform chemicals from HTC process water, clean-up oil spills, and wastewater treatment from power plants. DES are mixtures of two or more components (i.e., hydrogen-bond acceptor (HBA) and hydrogen-bond donor (HBD) molecules) with melting points significantly lower than either of their individual components.

Pyrolysis and Torrefaction: Dry biomass could be converted to biochar, solid fuel, or liquid biocrude at high temperature in inert atmosphere. Torrefaction occurs at 200-350 C, where volatile materials from biomass leaves an energy dense solid fuel. Meanwhile, pyrolysis occurs at 350-650 C, where a carbon-rich porous biochar formed. Biochar can be used as carbon sequestration, soil amendment, and slow-release fertilizer. 

Selected Publications (Since 2016)


  1. Shanta Mazumder, Pretom Saha, Akbar Saba, Kyle McGauhgy, M. Toufiq Reza, Technoeconomic Analysis of Co-Hydrothermal Carbonization of Coal Waste and Food Waste. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. In-press. (2020).
  2. Shanta Mazumder, Pretom Saha, M. Toufiq Reza, Co-Hydrothermal Carbonization of Coal Waste and Food Waste: Fuel Characteristics. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. In-press. (2020).
  3. Akbar Saba, Nepu Saha, Keenan-Conrad Williams, Charles Coronella, M. Toufiq Reza, Binder-free torrefied biomass pellets: significance of torrefaction temperature and pelletization parameters by multivariate analysis. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery. In-press. (2020).
  4. Kyle McGauhgy, M. Toufiq Reza, Systems Analysis of SO2-CO2 Co-Capture from a Post-Combustion Coal-Fired Power Plant in Deep Eutectic Solvents, Energies, 2020, 13(2), 438


  1. Nepu Saha, M. Toufiq Reza, Effect of pyrolysis on basic functional groups of hydrochars, Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 2019, 1, 1-8
  2. Kyle McGaughy, Ahmad Abu Hajer, Edward Drabold, David Bayless, M. Toufiq Reza, Algal Remediation of Wastewater Produced from Hydrothermally Treated Septage, Sustainability, 2019, 11 (12), 3454
  3. Kyle McGaughy, Jay Wilhelm, M. Toufiq Reza, Ion Selective Electrodes for Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastewater Monitoring: Effects of Ionic Strength on Selective Ions, Applied Sciences,2019, 9(15), 3085
  4. Nepu Saha, Danhui Xin, Pei Chiu, M. Toufiq Reza, Effect of pyrolysis temperature on acidic functional groups and electron storage capacities of pyrolyzed hydrochars, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 2019, 7, 8387-8396
  5. Pretom Saha, M. Helal Uddin, M. Toufiq Reza, A steady-state equilibrium-based carbon dioxide gasification simulation model for hydrothermally carbonized cow manure, Energy Conversion and Management, 2019, 191, 12-22
  6. Nepu Saha, Akbar Saba, Pretom Saham Diana Franqui-Villanueva, William Orts, William M Hart-Cooper, M. Toufiq Reza, Hydrothermal carbonization of various paper mill sludges: an observation of solid fuel properties, Energies, 2019, 12, 858-868
  7. Akbar Saba, Kyle McGaughy, M. Toufiq Reza, Techno-economic Assessment of Co-Hydrothermal Carbonization of a Coal-Miscanthus Blend, Energies, 2019, 12, 630-640
  8. Nepu Saha, Akbar Saba, M. Toufiq Reza, Effect of hydrothermal carbonization temperature on pH, dissociation constants, and acidic functional groups on hydrochar from cellulose and wood, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2019, 137, 138-145
  9. Md. Rifat Hasan, M. Toufiq Reza, Hydrothermal deformation of Marcellus shale: Effects of subcritical water temperature and holding time on shale porosity and surface morphology, Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 2019, 172, 383-390
  10.  Pretom Saha, Kyle McGaughy, Md. Rifat Hasan, M. Toufiq Reza, Pyrolysis and carbon dioxide gasification kinetics of hydrochar produced from cow manure, Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 2019, 38 (1), 154-162


  1. Akbar Saba, Brandon Lopez, Joan G. Lynam, M. Toufiq Reza, Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Loblolly Pine: Effects of Various Wastes on Produced Biocrude, ACS Omega, 2018, 3 (3), 3051-3059
  2. Kyle McGaughy, M. Toufiq Reza, Recovery of Macro and Micro-Nutrients by Hydrothermal Carbonization of Septage, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2018, 66(8), 1854–1862
  3. Maria Paneque, J.M.De la Rosa, Jourgen Kern, M. Toufiq Reza, Heike Knicker, Hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis of sewage sludges: What happen to carbon and nitrogen? Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis,2018, 128, 314-323
  4. Kyle McGaughy, M. Toufiq Reza, Hydrothermal carbonization of food waste: simplified process simulation model based on experimental results, Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, 1-10


  1. M. Toufiq Reza, Silvia Roman Suero, Charles Coronella, Simon Poulson, Behavior of Stable Carbon and Stable Nitrogen Isotopes during Hydrothermal Carbonization of biomass, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2017, 131, 85-92
  2. Akbar Saba, Pretom Saha, M. Toufiq Reza, Co-Hydrothermal Carbonization of coal-biomass blend: Influence of temperature on solid fuel properties, Fuel Processing Technology, 2017, 167, 711-720


  1. Ravinder K Garlapalli, Benjamin Wirth, M Toufiq Reza, Pyrolysis of hydrochar from digestate: Effect of hydrothermal carbonization and pyrolysis temperatures on pyrochar formation, Bioresource Technology, 2016, 220, 168-174
  2. M. Toufiq Reza, Ally Freitas, Xioakun Yang, Charles J. Coronella. Wet Air Oxidation of Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC) Process Liquid, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 2016, 4, 3250-3254
  3. M. Toufiq Reza, Ally Freitas, Xioakun Yang, Sage Hiibel, Hongfei Lin, Charles J. Coronella. Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC) of Cow Manure: Carbon and Nitrogen Distributions in HTC products, Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, 2016, 35, 1002-1011
  4. Benjamin Wirth, M. Toufiq Reza, Continuous anaerobic degradation of liquid condensate from steam-derived hydrothermal carbonization of sewage sludge, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 2016, 4, 1673-1678
  5. M. Toufiq Reza, Holtman, K. M. Franqui-Villanueva, D.; Coronella, C.J.,Hydrothermal carbonization of Autoclaved Municipal Solid Waste Pulp and Anaerobically Treated Pulp Digestate, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 2016, 4(7), 3649-3658
  6. M. Toufiq Reza, Jessica Nover, Benjamin Wirth, Charles J. Coronella, Hydrothermal carbonization of glucose in saline solution: sequestration of nutrients on carbonaceous materials, AIMS Energy, 2016, 4, 173-189
  7. M. Toufiq Reza, Xioakun Yang, Charles J. Coronella, Hongfei Lin, Upul Hathwaik, David Shintani, Bishno Neupane, Glenn Miller, Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC) and Pelletization of Two Arid Land Plants Bagasse for Energy Densification, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 2016, 4, 1106-1114
  8. Hendrik Laube, M. Toufiq Reza, Application of Biosorbents for Ion Removal from Sodium Lactate Fermentation Broth, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2016, 4, 10-19

Research Fundings:

  1. INFEWS/T2: Organic Waste Lifecycles at the interface of Food, Energy, Water Systems (OWL-FEWs), 10/2019-present, NSF, Derek Kauneckis (PI), M. Toufiq Reza (co-PI), $2,000,000
  2. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of BTX Phase Transfer from Alkanes to Phosphonium-based Deep Eutectic Solvents: Experimental Studies and Computational Modeling, 08/2019-present, ACS-PRF-DNI, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $110,000
  3. Development and Optimization of Mild Hydrothermal Preprocessing for High Ash Biomass into Pelletized Biorefinery Feedstocks, 03/2019- present; U.S. Department of Agriculture, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $1,000,000
  4. Value-added products from rural wastes, 06/2019-05/2020, Sugar Bush Foundation, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $35,000
  5. Novel Hydrothermal Upgrading of Coal Refuse-Biomass Blend into High Quality Solid Fuel, 04/2018-present, Ohio Coal Development Office, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $156,105
  6. Novel CO2-SO2Co-capture Process by Deep Eutectic Solvents, 07/2017-08/2018, Ohio Development Service Agency, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $93,000
  7. Reclaiming abandoned lands with co-production of biofuels and high value bioproducts, Ohio University Innovation Strategy Award, Sarah Davis (PI), M. Toufiq Reza (Co-PI), $20,000
  8. OHIO Multistage FGD Wastewater Sensor: Application of Ion Selective Electrode (ISE) based sensor modules for real-time multi-points water quality monitoring of Flue Gas Desulphurization (FGD) wastewater, 01/2017- 01/2019, Ohio Coal Development Office, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $160,000
  9. Gasification of biocarbons produced from hydrothermal carbonization of manure, 08/2016- 06/2018, Western Sun Grant Initiative prime US Department of Agriculture, M. Toufiq Reza (PI), $60,000
  10. Ohio Coke based Carbon Quantum Dots for Supercapacitor, 01/2017- 06/2019, Ohio Coal Development Office, John Staser (PI), M. Toufiq Reza (co-PI), $160,000
  11. Preventing a Bust: Innovations for Sustainable & Enhanced Economic Outcomes from Shale, 05/ 2016- 12/2018, Innovation Award, Ohio University, David Bayless (PI), M. Toufiq Reza (co-PI), $1,600,000