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Frequently Asked Questions

Sustainability includes many diverse fields and occupations

What do sustainability professionals do?

Sustainability professionals use interdisciplinary skills to create and manage environmental, business, and social systems within dozens of occupational categories.  The most widely used definition of sustainability is: “… development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs” (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987; also known as the Brundtland Report).

Sustainability jobs often focus on developing the best research and management practices to ensure long-term system resilience. This is why systems sciences are an important part of the curriculum that sustainability students take. As it sounds, these can involve interdisciplinary tasks driven by the unique details of many fields:  

  • a company that engineers efficient energy systems, or
  • a university/corporate partnership that maps and optimizes complex business supply chains, or
  • an agency developing management plans for protected areas by working with scientists and fishermen, or
  • an NGO or law firm working science-based public policy, or
  • dozens of other research and management titles and occupations, see several lists in Table 1 below.  

What are national college trends in sustainability? 

The steady increase in college student interest nationally is reflected in the rising university bachelor’s degree offerings across the U.S., with over 70 degrees now available in the U.S., the majority appearing since 2000.   

  • A survey of 16,000 college applicants and parents found that 66% expressed an interest in the college’s sustainability efforts and 24% said such information would “very much” impact their decision to apply to or attend the school (Princeton Review, 2011). 
  • National and regional media articles report expanding student interest in sustainability curricula since 2005 (e.g., Chronicle of Higher Education, USA Today, New York Times).

What is the market for sustainability jobs?
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics does not have data on the number of workers involved in sustainability activities but there is evidence of increasing opportunities for those trained in sustainability-related technical positions (USBLS, 2012).  The Economic Policy Institute recently examined private and public sector markets for sustainability-related jobs with these conclusions:  green jobs go far beyond renewable energy, states with more developed sustainability policies fared better in the economic downturn, and manufacturing plays a strong role in the green economy (EPI, 2012).

Why types of jobs are there in sustainability?
Sustainability professionals use well-developed interdisciplinary skills to create and manage complex systems within a wide array of job markets.  From a job-hunter’s perspective, Table 1 at the end of this document has dozens of occupational titles related to sustainability job searches from major sources. 

A considerable number of the position titles in Table 1 below represent diverse fields, a byproduct of the interdisciplinary backbone of applied sustainability.  Examples include the new occupational titles, Sustainability Director or Corporate Social Responsibility Manager.  Job search engines now pull up many such positions, with specialties from engineering to business to environmental or social nonprofit organizations.  Examples of the number and diversity of these jobs on university campuses alone are at Campus Sustainability Positions

Many of the lists of sustainability-related occupations in these and similar sources reflect the four concentrations of the Florida Tech sustainability curriculum:  Environmental Science, Business, Engineering and Technology and Social Sciences.

Sustainability is still emerging as a discipline –the job market is expanding in ways that are difficult to fully predict within current fields and still un-named fields that are arising now and in the future.  In systems science, these future jobs and occupations are examples of emerging properties, which arise from complex and expanding systems which can spin off new systems in both predictable and unpredictable manners (Meadows, 2008, Thinking in Systems).

What is the Florida Tech Sustainability Studies Major?
The Bachelor of Science in Sustainability Studies is a multi-disciplinary degree designed to rigorously educate those interested in the fields of sustainability.  The program curricula expands on Florida Tech’s well-known science and technology strengths.  Students choose their preferred combination of business and social science concentration courses to produce unusually well-rounded graduates that can operate within multiple disciplines in the 21st century workforce.

Four concentrations are offered: Technology & Engineering, Business & Economics, Environmental Sciences, and Social Sciences. The program emphasizes advanced educational experiences, hands-on projects (individually and in teams), opportunities for research on campus or internships in the community. Final capstone projects use a campus classroom model: students address real-world sustainability challenges to generate products and build marketable skills.

What are the requirements and concentrations for the Sustainability Studies Major?
Students must meet the minimum course requirements (124 total credits) as outlined in the program planning guide. As a part of the curriculum, 24 credits of electives from four program concentration areas:

  • Environmental Sciences, minimum of 6 cr (ES)
  • Technology & Engineering, minimum of 6 cr (TE)
  • Social Sciences, minimum of 6 cr (SS)
  • Business & Economics, minimum of 6 cr (BE) 

These electives are termed “Concentration Courses”.  To focus on areas of greatest individual interest, students choose an additional 15 credits from one or more of the concentration course categories above in consultation with their advisor. 

What are the admission requirements?
Students intending to apply should complete at least one year of high school environmental sciences or biology and at least one year of chemistry or physics. Courses in economics or business are encouraged but not required. Additional university admissions requirements apply.

I’m not a Sustainability Major, can I still study sustainability at Florida Tech?
Yes, the program is adaptable to a double-major with other science and engineering degrees across colleges.  Another option is the minor program in sustainability which has graduated >40 students from >15 majors and all colleges on campus since 2010.  In addition, students not in the major or minor can still take any classes they want if they have the pre-requisite courses. 

What is the Sustainability Minor?
Florida Tech also offers an undergraduate Minor Program in Sustainability.  This minor is available to undergraduates from any Florida Tech. College  - Science, Business, Engineering, Aviation, and Psychology/Liberal Arts.

The minor consists of 6 courses (2 required, 4 electives) that total 18 credits. With planning, many students easily incorporate these courses into their curriculum. All academic information and planning forms are at academic sustainability

What is happening with sustainability on campus?
Diverse programs, directly and indirectly, address sustainability at Florida Tech Many students, staff, and faculty in varied academic, administrative, and support offices have started or are evaluating new sustainability initiatives, often with students as drivers. Student projects required for the major and minor also foster sustainability initiatives around the Space Coast. See Florida Tech Sustainability – Campus for more information.  Some but not all student project teams include:

  • Sustainable Buildings
    Students have helped certify to LEED buildings on campus by processing required credits on energy, indoor air, water, and other systems with facilities staff and external contractors. 
  • Recycling
    Residence hall and campus office recycling enhancements include complete electronics recycling. Corporate donations of recycling bins for academic department offices and dormitories are available upon request. 
  • Land & Water (Grounds)
    Staff and students maintain a worm-based composting system using food waste from dining halls.  Rainwater harvesting is being scoped for 2 buildings.  Exotic plant removal in our Botanical Garden is aided by a student team.
  • Sustainability Communications
    Messaging is very important to ensure adoption of best practices among students, faculty and staff.  This team is working with all other groups to ensure their specific messaging needs are provided for and to tell the interesting stories that underlie these projects.
  • Dining Services
    Expansion of certified sustainable coffee options, cooking oil to power university vehicles, and composting are among the projects being implemented or scoped. 

See Florida Tech Sustainability – Campus for more information.

What undergraduate opportunities exist for student sustainability research?
Academic sustainability programs combine with student research projects to create products that directly benefit students while building innovations on- and off-campus. 

Every student in the major and minor programs develops a capstone research project on- or off-campus within a two-course sequence of project classes.    These projects can be adaptable to a double-major with other science, engineering, and education degrees. Some of these projects are at Florida Tech Sustainability - Campus.

There are also interdisciplinary research opportunities across campus within many departments among Florida Tech’s five colleges.   These include the Department of Ocean Engineering and Marine Sciences, and The Nathan M. Bisk College of Business. More information is at sustainability research

The virtual Sustainability Research Guide on the Evans Library website at Florida Tech provides direct information to assist research projects and homework assignments on sustainability issues. You can directly access sustainability books, websites, journals, government documents, and videos. The input of many Florida Tech students is shaping this resource. 

Are student clubs and organizations at Florida Tech involved in sustainability?
There are many clubs working directly or indirectly on sustainability issues including the Student Organization for Sustainability Action, the Florida Tech Environmental Club, Squamish, Alpha Phi Omega and other student organizations. They are dedicated to the promotion of sustainability-related educational activities to better our campus and the Space Coast community.  Support from the Student Government Association and other on- and off-campus partners is of great value.  

Are there graduate opportunities in sustainability at Florida Tech?
The Sustainability Studies undergraduate program is based in the Department of Education and Interdisciplinary Studies (DEIS).  DEIS currently offers a Master’s of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies in which students can work directly on sustainability research projects.  In some contexts, “interdisciplinary studies” can be almost synonymous with “sustainability” in terms of research, policy or education. 

Multiple M.S. and Ph.D. programs in other departments on campus also offer sustainability-relevant graduate student degrees including, but not limited to, the Departments of Biomedicine and Chemistry, Ocean Engineering and Marine Sciences , Aeronautics, Psychology, and Business.

Isn’t Sustainability mostly recycling and renewable energy?
These are two components among dozens within the larger realm of sustainability.  Sustainability also includes public policy, corporate social responsibility, and research into very diverse fields and job markets in science and industry, see Tables 1 and 2. 

What are international trends in university sustainability programs? 
In Europe, Asia and Latin America, there is consistent evidence of growing student and employer interest in sustainability degrees.  Dozens of existing or new degree programs at the bachelor’s level exist in Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia.   The number of such degrees is increasing in most major regions.

Who can I contact for more information on sustainability at Florida Tech?
For more information, please contact:
-  Sustainability Program, 150 Florida Tech., W. University Blvd Melbourne, Florida 3290, (321) 674-8126. Email:
-  Office of Undergraduate Admission, Florida Tech, 150 W. University Blvd Melbourne, Florida 32901, (321) 674-8030, (800) 888-4348.  Email:


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