Engineering And Science Research Areas Of Focus
The College of Engineering and Science is composed of world-recognized leaders in cutting-edge and high-tech research in a variety of areas. Our researchers and scientists work together in laboratories, centers, and institutes which are dedicated to expanding our knowledge of our world and universe through novel research and discovery. The integrated nature of our science and engineering research represents a unique opportunity for synergistic and multi-disciplinary collaboration. We invite you to explore the exciting work underway by our international community of scholars using the links below.
Aerospace, Physics And Space Sciences - Research
Orbital Robotics Interaction On-Orbit Servicing and Navigation (ORION) Laboratory: The ORION laboratory is equipped with a unique combination of Cartesian robot and air bearing flat-floor for study of dynamics and kinematics of relative motion and contact dynamics of space/air/underwater vehicles.
Aerospace Structures Laboratory: Laboratory facilities for the mechanical testing of aerospace structures and materials include a MTS 100 kN servohydraulic testing machine with hydraulic wedge grips, other uniaxial load frames, a Dynatup 8250 falling weight impact test machine, an Unholtz-Dickie T206 vibration test device and related instrumentation.
Flight Aircraft: The experimental four-seat Piper Warrior is equipped with an angle-of-attack and sideslip boom. The six-seat Piper Cherokee has a carry-on Data Acquisition System and a 1,500-pound useful load. The flight test engineering program also has a partnership with the Technical University of Munich involving their fly-by-wire “Optionally Piloted” Diamond DA42 research aircraft.
Physics & Space Sciences
Current research in physics includes experimental high-energy physics, experimental and theoretical condensed matter physics, instrumentation development, theoretical and observational studies of the solar/heliospheric energetic particles and cosmic rays, physics of energetic radiations from thunderstorms and lightning, auroral and magnetospheric physics, astrophysics, engineering physics, and physics education.
Current research activity in space sciences includes the physics of supermassive black holes and galaxy evolution, massive stars, astrophysical jets and accretion phenomena, exoplanets, planetary science, observational cosmology, cosmic ray modulation/propagation and its interactions with the interstellar medium, energetic radiation from terrestrial and planetary lightning discharges, solar wind-magnetosphere interactions and energetic particle observations and human space exploration research.
Facilities that are currently available to students include the following laboratories.
Astronomy, Astrophysics, and Astrobiology
Supermassive Black Holes | Human Space Exploration | Active Galactic Nuclei | Massive Stars | High-Contrast-Ratio Imaging
The Astronomy, Astrophysics and Astrobiology group at Florida Tech is concerned primarily with astrobiology, stellar astrophysics, the physics of galaxies and active galactic nuclei, and in the development of advanced instrumentation. Astrophysicists and students work on a wide variety of topics, including high-energy astrophysics, accretion phenomena, the physics and evolution of active galactic nuclei and their jets, observational cosmology, tests of the large and small-scale structure of our universe, compact objects, the nuclear black holes of normal and active galaxies, massive stars, binary stars, solar and stellar atmospheres, ultraviolet spectroscopy and astronomical instrumentation.
Research is conducted over a variety of different wavebands from the radio to gamma-rays, including observations with the Hubble Space Telescope, James Webb Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, and XMM-Newton Observatory, as well as a wide variety of ground-based telescopes that include the 10.4-m Gran Telescopio Canarias, the Gemini Observatories, the Karl F. Jansky Very Large array and many others. Members of the group are involved in the development of instrumentation for the 10.4-m Gran Telescopio Canarias and the development of high-dynamic range imagers for future use in space observatories. Members of the group are involved with the Juno, Parker Solar Probe, and Voyager missions. Resources include two research labs (Astro Lab A and B) that are outfitted with Linux and Macintosh computers, astronomical data reduction packages, as well as a wide variety of programming languages.
SARA Telescopes: Florida Tech is the founding institution for the Southeastern Association for Research in Astronomy (SARA). We have a 15% share in a network of three 1-meter class telescopes on the Canary Islands, at Kitt Peak National Observatory, and Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory.
Ortega 0.8-m Telescope: This large research telescope forms the heart of the F.W. Olin Observatory. Installed in 2007, it sits on the rooftop of the F. W. Olin Physical Sciences Center. Equipped with a large-format CCD imaging system, lucky imager and spectrograph, it is available for student and faculty astronomy and astrophysics research projects as well as monthly public open nights as part of the .
Lightning Physics, Detection, and Protection| Transient Luminous Events | Terrestrial Gamma Ray Flashes | Atmospheric Electricity in Planetary Atmospheres | Electromagnetic Field Propagation Effects | Meteorological Applications of Lightning Data
The Atmospheric Electricity and Electromagnetics group in the Geospace Physics Laboratory (GPL) works on measurements and modeling of electrical discharges and energetic radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere, sensing technology development, electromagnetic wave propagation effects, lightning interaction with airborne vehicles and space launches, power lines, wind turbines and other tall objects, lightning protection, and meteorological applications of lightning data. This group also collaborates with the University of Florida on X-ray measurements of natural and rocket-triggered lightning which are performed at the UF-FIT International Center for lightning Research and Testing (ICLRT) at Camp Blanding, FL. Work also includes theoretical investigations of terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs), lightning initiation processes, runaway breakdown, and thunderstorm electrification on Earth and other planets.
Dark Matter | Higgs Boson | Top Quark | AI in Particle Physics | Upgrade of CMS Muon Detector and Hadron Calorimeters at CERN | Micropattern Gas Detectors | Grid Computing Electron-Ion Collider Detector | Muon Tomography | Nuclear Non-Proliferation | Radiation Effects in Semiconductors
The work of the experimental High-Energy Particle Physics (HEP) group is centered on the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) located at CERN, the European Center for Particle Physics in Geneva, Switzerland. This experiment is conducted by a large international collaboration of scientists making precision measurements of the laws governing the known elementary particles and the fundamental forces between them. In this area, the FIT HEP group currently focuses on measurements of fundamental top quark properties, such as cross sections, mass, etc., utilizing new machine learning algorithms in addition to standard data analysis techniques. CMS also searches for new physics phenomena; here the FIT HEP group is searching for long-lived dark matter particles and heavy top quark partners. On the instrumentation side, the group is involved in two major CMS upgrades to prepare the experiment for running at the high-luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), the next phase of the LHC that is scheduled to begin operations in 2026. The group is contributing to the development of a high-granularity calorimeter bringing its experience with the fabrication of fast electronics and precise calibration of ADC ASICs to bear. In a second effort, we are building and commissioning large GEM detectors for the CMS muon upgrade drawing on our experience with advanced gaseous particle detectors, such as GEM and mRWELL detectors. The group is investigating these micro-pattern gas detector technologies also for tracking detectors to be employed at the new Electron-Ion Collider (EIC). The group operates a Tier-3 site on the Open Science Grid for CMS users and other grid users. Members of our group are often stationed at Fermilab near Chicago or at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland to conduct their research.
As an application of HEP technology outside of fundamental science, we operate a muon tomography station based on GEM detectors for detecting shielded high-Z materials. Our activities in applied nuclear physics support the US Air Force’s nuclear treaty monitoring mission through a cooperative research agreement (CRADA) with the US Air Force. We simulate production, fate, transport, and trace level detection of radionuclides pertinent to the monitoring mission.
Planetary Science and Space Physics
Planetary Atmosphere | Space Weather | Solar Wind | Comparative Planetology | Atmospheric Dynamic | Cloud Physics | Impact Event | Asteroid | Comets | Exoplanet | Space Plasma | Hybrid Model | MHD Model
The Planetary Science Research group works in the Atmospheric Models & Plasma Simulations (AMPS) lab and Astronomy and Astrophysics Research lab at Florida Tech. Current research topics include numerical modeling of atmospheric dynamics, cloud physics, and weather processes in planetary atmospheres of terrestrial, giant, and exo-planets. The Planetary Science Group also studies the atmospheric response to asteroid and comet impacts, severe stellar wind variations (e.g., ICME) and electrical discharges (e.g., lightning and TLEs), to provide insights into the formation and evolution of the Solar System and support missions aimed at its exploration.
The Space Physics Research group works in the Geospace Physics Laboratory (GPL) at FIT. Current research topics include studying the Solar-Earth magnetospheric and ionospheric interactions, cosmic ray propagation from their source in the galaxies to the interplanetary system (NASA), relativistic charged particle propagation from the Jovian magnetosphere, development of a meriodinal array of magnetometers up the East coast of the United States. The Space Physics Group also designs and fabricates particle and high-energy radiation detectors.
Biomedical And Chemical Engineering And Sciences Research
Research projects include development and characterization of biologically inspired materials; fabrication of scaffolds for corneal, bone and vascular tissue engineering applications; and stem cell bioengineering. Other projects include design and development of perfusion bioreactor culture systems for stem cell proliferation and in vitro large-scale production of platelets.
Biochemical and Biotechnology
Biochemical and biotechnology research includes fundamental studies onto molecular forces that control biologically important reactions including protein folding and the underlying chemistry responsible for vision. This basic understanding feeds studies on how macromolecules including enzymes and receptors function and impact disease states in humans as well as the development of new biotechnology including the development of manmade catalysts to drive intercellular synthesis, fluorescence-based molecular biosensors and sensor systems that mimic mammalian olfaction (our sense of smell).
Natural Product Synthesis
Natural products are secondary metabolites (small organic molecules) produced in organisms and have long been the source of the majority of drugs and drug candidates. Indeed, 78% of the antibacterial compounds and 74% of anticancer agents available today are either natural products or their chemical derivatives. The complete chemical synthesis of natural products is the first and key step in such drug discovery endeavors that aim to treat currently incurable diseases. Dr. Takenaka's group is currently working toward the complete chemical synthesis of the alkaloid Acutumine isolated from the moonseed Sinomenium acutum which has been shown as a potential treatment for T-cell malignancies
Dr. Akhremitchev’s research interests are in experimental biophysical chemistry and physical chemistry. His research program aims at uncovering nanoscale details of intermolecular interactions and structural dynamics that control many important biological processes including protein aggregation, receptor-ligand binding and formation of supramolecular biological structures. Experimental approaches utilize high spatial and force resolution of scanning probe techniques to investigate molecular structures at the nanoscale and at a single-molecule level.
Intracellular organic synthesis
Biotechnology research in the Dr. Knight's group is centered around the interface of inorganic chemistry and other scientific sub-disciplines including catalysis, organic synthesis, medicinal chemistry and molecular biology. Ongoing projects include the design of new metal-based artificial endonucleases for use as molecular biology tools, antiviral and antibacterial drugs based on functionalized organometallics compounds as bone-seeking agents and new paradigms for achieving intracellular organic synthesis using water-stable encapsulated transition metal catalysts.
The chemistry of vision
The high efficiency of vision derives from the fact that a single photon of light is sufficient in activating a thousand G-proteins which in turn results in the hydrolysis of approximately 100,000 cGMP to GMP ultimately leading to a neuronal signal. Dr. Nesnas's group studies these proteins through the design and synthesis of various visual chromophores aiming to unravel this intriguing design and eventually lead to the design of similar systems geared to current needs including therapeutic treatments.
The development of molecular sensors is of great interest world-wide. Dr. Brown shows how fundamental science can broaden into applied work. In particular they have designed fluorescent compounds that can be quenched through the disruption of intramolecular hydrogen bonds. In so doing, they are creating artificial receptors whose emission of light can reveal the presensce of biologically important molecules.
The invention of the CCD chip present in digital cameras and smart phones has revolutionized the interface between technology and its environment. By pixilating optical images of its surroundings, devices can use sophisticated imaging processing and pattern recognition algorithms to perform increasingly sophisticated tasks associated with visual perception. The creation of a chemically diverse sensor array chip that mimics the olfactory system could provide the next revolution in sensory input for technology.
Ongoing activities include biosensor development for rocket fuels, nerve agents and non-invasive glucose monitoring using artificial neural network discriminator.
This research is focused on developing innovative techniques and devices for the detection and therapy of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial ischemia, cardiac arrhythmia, hypertension and hemorrhagic shock, and procedures including angioplasty/stent placement and hemodynamic monitoring. One example is using ultrasound technology, contrast agents and stem cells to repair vascular damage caused by stent placement.
Signaling systems that regulate cardiac rhythm and blood flow to increase understanding and treatment of diseases such as sudden cardiac arrest, diabetes mellitus and erectile dysfunction.
Florida Tech research of energy includes fundamental studies on energy transfer mechanism for converting light energy into chemical energy (photosynthesis) as well as the design of catalysts. This fundamental understanding is directed at driving chemically useful reactions with light and for developing technology for solar fuel and photovoltaic technology.
Energy transfer in photosynthesis
Dr. Brown investigates the properties of molecular systems that serve as models for the interactions of biomolecules with light to form chemical energy. Molecular spectroscopy, supplemented by other physical methods and molecular modeling, provides mechanistic information necessary to completely characterize these systems. Such an approach is essential for a deeper understanding of processes that convert light energy into chemical energy. By investigating the transfer of energy from light absorbed in natural processes such as photosynthesis can provide more efficient synthetic materials for the collection and storage of energy.
Catalysts for CO2 reduction and solar fuel generation
While nature utilizes CO2 as its major carbon source, the industrial use of CO2as feedstock is still in its infancy. Strong Lewis acids, designed and synthesized by Dr. Wehmschulte's group, catalyze the reduction of CO2 with hydrosilanes to methane and toluene depending on the conditions. Current efforts focus on the optimization of this system including the synthesis of more stable Lewis acids featuring strong Al-O bonds and internal π-stabilization through flanking arene substituents.
Dye sensitized solar cells and catalysts for green synthesis
Dr. Knight's group is developing organometallic compunds that form monolayers of redox-active ruthenium complexes on nanocrystalline TiO2. These systems are key for efficient electronic coupling with the surface that will allow efficient light-induced charge separation for the conversion of light to electricity.
Given the scale of projected energy needs as well as the rapid climate change associated with growing CO2 levels in the atmosphere, there is a major push by governments to increase the rate of innovation and discovery in the area of carbon-neutral solar fuel production (chemical energy).
Driving reactions with light
Dr. Liao's group is pioneering research into metastable state photoacids. This type of photoacid can reversibly produce large pH changes upon exposure to visible light, making it a powerful tool for controlling a wide range of important acid-catalyzed reactions by producing chemical energy from light. His group focuses on the design and synthesis of photoacids and materials that contain them, study the mechanisms of their photoreactions, and demonstrate their applications including photoresponsive electronic, optical and mechanic materials, shape/volume change materials, drug delivery materials, killing bacteria, pH jump for studying protein conformation and functions, and regulating local pH of biological systems.
Research areas include biophysical chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, chemical education, environmental chemistry, geochemistry, molecular spectroscopy, nanotechnology, natural products, organometallic chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, photochemical processes, physical organic chemistry, polymer chemistry, molecular modeling, renewable energy applications, solid-phase reaction kinetics, surface phenomena, synthetic organic chemistry and thermal methods of analysis.
Computer-aided modeling, processing and control
Research is ongoing in the area of adaptive control for both single loop and multivariable applications. Other topics of research interest include using neural networks in areas of model development in which traditional models are constrained, and process design and simulation of renewable energy conversion systems.
Ongoing environmental chemistry research at FIT includes the study of naturally occurring and artificially introduced metals in the environment including minerals and nanostructures.
Photocatalytic decomposition of gaseous and aqueous pollutants
Removal of pollutants from the air and water improves the quality of life for everybody. As countries raise their environmental standards, new approaches are necessary for remediation of industrial and naturally occurring pollutants. Titanium dioxide is useful for degrading many pollutants when exposed to the sun and is a key component in several current commercial remediation processes.
Projects include removal of trace organic contaminants from water using reverse osmosis and design of systems for controlling contaminants in spacecraft atmospheres. Other projects focus on development of renewable resources, especially alternative sources of energy.
Lasers for Cancer Detection and Therapy
Research is ongoing to develop ultra-short pulse laser-based system for early cancer detection and therapy. This technique is non-invasive, fast and safe compared to existing imaging and treatment modalities.
Materials synthesis, characterization and failure prevention
Includes self-assembly or aggregation of nanomaterials and combined cyclic fatigue and cryogenic embrittlement under controlled atmospheres.
Current projects involve the application of advanced signal and image processing to enhance medical imagery. A method has been developed that reduces noise from computed tomography (CT) induced when the x-ray dose is decreased, allowing CT scans to be safer for patients. A similar approach has been used for nuclear medicine imagery.
Medical materials and photonics
Biomedical engineering faculty and international collaborators have initiated an innovative center for medical materials and photonics that provides world-leading programs in third generation bioactive materials including bioactive materials for regenerative medicine, load bearing orthopedic and dental devices, intelligent wound care systems and materials for sports medicine repair and reconstruction; and medical photonics including laser and bio-Raman-based cancer detection and therapeutics, human cell-based screening for toxicology, pharmaceutical and biomaterials screening, and patient specific diagnosis and therapy analyses. The center provides education and research opportunities at the undergraduate, graduate and post-doctorate levels.
Molecular biology and biochemistry
DNA replication, gene regulation, novel anti-cancer therapies, Alzheimer’s Disease, cellular responses to environmental stress, protein folding and aggregation, and assembly of macromolecular complexes.
Nanotechnology is the next industrial revolution. An increasing number of commercial products and industrial processes involve particles on the nano-size scale (bigger than a molecule, smaller than a living cell). Interest in nanomaterials is due to not just their small size but also their unique properties that change with the size of the particle. By controlling the size of the particle, chemists can control the properties of the material itself. Dr. Knight is developing wet chemistry synthetic methods for the preparation of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles with controlled size distribution and high stability.
Scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic scale characterization
Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) provides unpresidented resolution allowing the investigation of matter on the molecular and sub-molecular scale. This capability allows the observation of the geometric and electronic behaviors of individual molecules.
High performance foams, polymers and nanocomposites
Current materials science research emphasizes sustainability and innovation. Developing high performance polymeric materials to meet both properties and environmental requirements is a key trend in polymer science. Dr. Nelson is developing high performance organic materials through novel environmental friendly approaches: organic/inorganic nanocomposites, high performance carbon fiber reinforced composites for specialty applications, as well as multifunctional nanostructured materials with unique properties. For example, they are working on new foams with a bound-in non-halogen flame retardant package. The goal is to achieve flame retardancy exceeding NASA SOFI foams with a non-halogen non-migrating system.
Conducting polymers and nanocomposites for electronics, optics and sensing
Organic materials provide a range of opportunities for developing electronics that operate through new mechanisms that can reduce size and cost, and increase the ease of manufacturing through inkjet and 3-D printing technologies. Dr. Liao is working on smart polymer materials that change their chemical, physical and biological properties under visible light based on photo-induced proton transfer achieved using metastable-state photoacids. These materials have great potential in industrial, biomedical and defense applications. Research in this area could lead to artificial muscles, multifunctional coating, drug delivery materials, novel phontonics, and high density data storage.
Research in medicinal chemistry at FIT includes molecular syntheisis and natural product isolation to find biomolecules with a wide range of functions including anti-inflamitory, antitumor, antioxidant, antiviral and antibacterial.
Drug therapy is among the most successful and reliable treatments for various health issues. However, it is impeded by limitations in chemists’ ability to make the absolutely “correct” drug molecule in a timely and cost-effective manner. The development of artificial enzymes is a new approach in medicinal chemistry dedicated to the preparation of molecules with defined 3-D structure (molecular shape), and is of paramount importance to the drug discovery and development because the function of a drug is determined by its overall shape. Dr. Takenaka's group is developing a new class of artificial enzymes that shape-selectively synthesize molecules with the desired 3-D structure from easily available chemicals. Such technology will provide scientists ready access to precious medicinally active agents, and thus will not only accelerate the drug discovery process, but also lower costs of prescription drugs.
Antitumor and antioxidant agents
To generate new pharmaceutical lead compounds, it is important to have convenient access to new classes of core molecular structures. Sulfur and nitrogen heterocycles are attractive targets in medicinal chemistry because of the wide variety of bioactivities displayed by these compounds. Dr. Brown's group is involved In the search for of new antitumor and antioxidant agents by studying a large series of new cycloadditions, mostly involving thiones and thioureas as electron-rich partners, interacting with π-deficient multiple bonds.
Bioinorganic pharmaceuticals, antivirals and antibacterials
The lack of effective therapies for important biothreat agents including the Ebola virus and Fransicella has prompted a search for new approaches for the treatment of viral and bacterial diseases. While most therapies rely in organic molecule design, only a handful of examples of the use of inorganic compounds have been effective. Dr. Knight's group is developing a new inorganic approach in medicinal chemistry byt studying antibacterial and antiviral drugs based on small metal complexes and complex-protein conjugates.
Natural product isolation and characterization
Medicinal chemistry, the use of molecules to treat various diseases, has been largely inspired by Mother Nature’s creativity in synthesizing complex organic structures. The natural products chemists’ role is critical in the identification of key compounds from various living organisms ranging from simple plants to complex marine organisms. Various medicinal plants have been explored for their medicinal properties, including anti-cancer potential, by isolating the active molecules and characterizing them using several analytical tools, including mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Dr. Nesnas's group studies biologically active compounds with the aim of improving their efficacy through late stage chemical modifications.
DNA replication, gene regulation.
Novel anti-cancer therapies, Alzheimer’s disease, cellular and molecular responses to environmental stress.
Research is focused on application of stimulators to the central and peripheral nervous system to restore neurological function following stroke, spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy or intractable pain.
Current research is focused on developing novel modeling methods of viscoelasticity in biological structures such as bone and cartilage. This project will aid in the understanding of post-surgery stress distribution in the repaired clavicle, aimed at reducing fracture re-occurrence.
Protein structure and function
Protein folding and aggregation and assembly of macromolecular complexes.
Biotechnology development, genetic engineering, reverse genetics and protein engineering.
Transport and separation processes
Current projects include development of computer simulation algorithms for estimating transport, reaction and nuclear magnetic resonance parameters of porous, composite and biological media including fuel cell gas diffusion media. Other recent projects have investigated membrane separation of gases, extraction of lipids from microalgae, the use of supercritical fluids for extraction of citrus oils, and modeling transport and reaction in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.
Vascular tissue engineering
The focus of this research is elucidating how cells interact with their microenvironment, such as topography and scaffold composition, and using this knowledge to develop strategies to produce tissue engineered grafts. The goal is to overcome the current challenges to producing a viable replacement for occluded coronary or peripheral arteries. The research will involve several of the steps required for producing a clinical product, including scaffold fabrication, cell culture analysis and the initial steps of translation.
Computer Engineering And Sciences Research
Computer vision, constraint reasoning, data mining, machine learning, speech recognition, swarm intelligence, spatio-temporal multidimensional reasoning.
Bioinformatics, statistical computing.
Research in computer engineering focuses on areas related to hardware/software systems including embedded systems, machine intelligence, speech processing, scientific high-performance computing, and wireless communications and networks. Students are involved in research projects dealing with hardware security, wireless sensor networks, algorithm development for intelligent and data-intensive systems, analysis and design of computer communications and networks, and development of large-scale, secure and dependable computer systems.
Cryptology, cryptography and cryptanalysis; secure software development and testing; malicious code, network security, resilience and intrusion detection, usable-security.
Data mining, knowledge representation, visualization.
Agents and coordination, internet computing, negotiations, peer-to-peer networks.
Applied and computational research is conducted in order to understand and manipulate electromagnetic fields. We are interested in the interaction between fields and matter, specifically the coupling of infrared and optical fields with other resonant responses such as polaritons, periodic structures and molecules. The ability to model electromagnetic properties of complex structures requires full-wave analysis with finite element, method of moments or finite difference techniques. Antennas, waveguides, metamaterials and bandgap structures are designed and analyzed using computational tools, then tested for validation. Applications include sensing, imaging, photonic-integrated circuits and communications.
Functional language, internationalization, type systems.
This specialization deals with recent advances in photonic devices and systems. Research in this area is complemented by the Optronics Laboratory that is dedicated to advancements in the field of optical systems such as optical communications and sensors. Recent Optronics lab activities in communications span the development of state-of-the-art, multi-Tb/s hybrid optical transmission architectures. Sensing activities include design and development of cryogenic instrumentation for the space program as well as 2D and 3D strain measurement for structural health monitoring, material failure and environmental parameters. The laboratory has added two new degrees of photon freedom to optical fiber multiplexing techniques; spatial domain multiplexing (SDM) and orbital angular momentum (OAM) of photon-based multiplexing. These techniques are orthogonal to other popular multiplexing techniques and allow for multidimensional increase in channel capacity. The laboratory is equipped with the necessary lasers, optics, electronics and computational tools and provides research facilities to faculty and students.
Research is performed in adaptive optics, atmospheric turbulence compensation (ATC) image processing, pattern recognition, and speech processing and recognition. Algorithms have been developed for high spatial-resolution ATC imaging systems and near-real-time detection and classification for several applications such as communications, noise reduction and speaker identification. Projects include the analysis and classification of signals and the development of pattern and speech recognizers.
Software documentation, maintenance and evolution, reliability and testing.
Research is conducted in modern systems development concepts and methods encompassing the full inception to retirement lifecycle, including model-based systems engineering (MBSE), complex, complicated and adaptive systems, intelligent systems and enterprise systems, as well as contemporary modeling methods, decision, risk and optimization methodologies, system reliability, systems thinking and big data issues. Research benefits span the governmental, industrial, scientific and academic sectors and have wide-ranging impact on the transportation, medical, space and defense communities.
Mathematical Sciences Research
Active areas of research in the mathematics program include nonlinear partial differential equations, potential theory, optimal control of systems with distributed parameters, inverse problems for PDEs, free boundary problems, mathematical modeling, neural networks, scientific computing and numerical analysis of nonlinear PDEs, mathematical biology, reaction-diffusion equations, variational methods for PDEs, critical point theory, mathematical physics, stochastic processes, queuing theory, dynamical systems, chaos theory, nonlocal PDEs, integral equations, and nonlinear wave equations.
Diverse research activities arise from student interest, are conducted in collaboration with student advisers and span the entire K-16 community. Research is guided by current research and related issues that emerge from within the mathematics education research community.
National environmental literacy assessment (NELA) Project
Funded by NOAA and EPA, and administered by the North American Association for Environmental Education, the NELA project is a multi-phase research project to help determine how environmental education practices support the development of environmental literacy among middle-school students around the U.S.
Active areas of research in the operations research area include stochastic games, stochastic networks,stochastic programming, optimization and optimal control, mathematical finance, bioinformatics, data mining, biostatistics, image processing, signal processing, modeling of controlled queuing systems, decision making under uncertainty, modeling of complex biological systems, engineering management, quality control, applied graph theory and integer programming.
Research activities in science education vary across all major science disciplines including aeronautics, biology, chemistry, computer science, environmental and earth science, physics and psychology. Students are encourage to pursue research topics commensurate with their science background and teaching experience and represent the application of science to the K-16 education community.
Mechanical And Civil Engineering Research
Civil engineering faculty are actively engaged in a wide range of research areas including construction management, geotechnical engineering, materials, structures, transportation and water resources. Geotechnical research pertains to in situ testing of soils, fiber-optic sensors in soils and evaluation of pavements. Research in materials is being conducted in the areas of concrete materials at a fundamental level using nanotechnology to characterize their mechanical properties, fiber-reinforced concrete and nondestructive testing technologies, and stabilization of waste materials for beneficial uses. Structural engineering research is in the areas of wind and seismic engineering, control of vibrations, catastrophe risk modeling and wireless instrumentation development. Transportation research combines mathematical programming, network science and behavioral modeling to develop new transportation paradigms. Research activities include integration of novel truck datasets and analytics into enhanced models, development of business strategies for sustainable transportation, resilience in global interdependent systems and technological opportunities for freight transportation. Water resources research includes numerical groundwater modeling, design and performance of stormwater management systems, and physical modeling of unstable saltwater systems in groundwater.
Laboratories for research and instructional activities are available in the areas of materials and structures and soil mechanics. The materials and structures laboratory is equipped with several universal testing machines for physical testing, and equipment and instrumentation for experimental stress analysis. The soil mechanics laboratory contains commercial equipment for evaluating the engineering properties of soils.
Faculty research has been supported through several grants from the federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, National Research Council of Canada, Florida Department of Energy, Florida Department of Transportation, Florida Department of Energy Management, Florida Department of Community Affairs/FEMA etc.
Environmental and Water Resources Engineering
Pandit and Dr. Heck have worked together in several projects. While Dr. Pandit is an expert modeler, Dr. Heck’s expertise lies in laboratory and field data collection. Dr. Pandit has developed two finite-element ground water models, GROSEEP (Groundwater Seepage) and SOLTRA (Solute Transport), and two non-point source models CALSIM (Continuous Annual Load Simulation Model) and WEANES (Wet Pond Annual Efficiency Simulation). The research areas of interest of the faculty members in the Water Resources/Environmental Engineering area are listed below.
Numerical modeling of contaminant transport in subsurface media: We have recently conducted field, laboratory and numerical experiments to estimate the transport of groundwater seepages and nutrient loadings into a coastal estuary known as the Indian River lagoon from the adjacent watershed. Two of the numerical models used for this study are MODFLOW and SEAWAT. This research is part of a more comprehensive effort to determine nutrient loads into the Indian River Lagoon from various sources such as surface water flowing through canals, septic tanks and “muck”. Links to our recent publications and presentations are provided below: (Links 1 to 4)
Unstable flows using physical models: There are many real-world situations where a mass of relatively heavier fluid overlies a porous media containing a lighter fluid. For example, this is fairly common at landfills and waste dump sites, saline disposal basins, seawater inundation along coastal aquifers, and in estuaries. We have conducted laboratory and numerical experiments to study the transport mechanisms of overlying, heavier saltwater into underlying freshwater under various conditions. Links to a presentation we recently made is provided below. (Link 5)
Stormwater management: Our main areas of interest in Stormwater Management are in predicting non-point source nutrient loads from watersheds and in understanding the removal efficiencies of best management practices used to remove pollutants generated by non-point sources. Links to our publications are provided below. (Link 6)
Numerical modeling to understand the effect of seawater rise on saltwater intrusion
Paul Cosentino’s research areas includes projects funded by the Florida Department of Transportation. Research includes miniaturization of the PENCEL Pressuremeter for evaluating unbound pavement layers, standard penetration testing to evaluate high pile rebound in Florida soils and quantifying pile rebound with LASER measuring systems best suited for Florida.
Dr. Nakin Suksawang’s areas of focus include analyzing and designing of fiber reinforced concrete structure, use of fiber reinforcement concrete in thin overlay and closure pours, development of a resistivity based concrete service life model, assessment of resistance factors and reliability index for existing structures and non-conventional materials, development of textile-reinforced concrete for structural applications and service-life prediction based on real-time structural health monitoring data
Dr. Jean Paul Pinelli’s areas of focus include development of catastrophe risk models with special emphasis on the vulnerability of the built environment to typhoons, disaster risk management and risk mapping, evaluation of the benefit and cost of wind, surge, and flood mitigation measure, development of cyber-infrastructure for natural hazard engineering research, measurement & characterization of typhoon wind loads on structures using a wireless sensing networking system and wind mitigation and performance-based design of tall buildings with semi-active dampers.
Dr. Rodrigo Mesa Arango research in transportation engineering includes the identification of hierarchical value-chains encompassing freight transportation and logistics sectors in the United States with network-analysis approaches. Other research areas of focus include simulation and analysis of the impacts of automated truck platoons on travel time and reliability at freeway diverge areas.
Development of bidding advisory models for carriers in trucking combinatorial auctions. Three related papers published in Transportation Research Part E (Paper 1, Paper 2, Paper 3), and one in Transportation Research Record. Several presentations in the Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, International Symposium of Transportation and Traffic Theory (ISTTT), and INFORMS. Examples: Presentation 1, Presentation 2, Presentation 3, Presentation 4, among others.
Application of complex network analysis tools to describe the evolution of international trade networks. One related publication in the International Trade Working Paper series (Commonwealth Secretariat). One related presentation in the 94th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board.
Incorporation of freight transportation models in travel demand forecasting and transportation planning applications. One related publication in the Journal of Transportation Safety & Security, and another publication in Transportation Research Record. One project sponsored by Nextrans. One related presentation in the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board.
Development of multiclass dynamic traffic assignment paradigms to model the car-truck interaction. Research published in the Journal of Intelligent Transportation System.
Construction of behavioral models to understand the decisions of evacuees during hurricane evacuations. Three related papers published in Transportation Research Part C, Natural Hazards Review, and ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering.
General transportation research topics interesting to Dr. Mesa-Arango include but are not limited to: autonomous/connected vehicles, transportation-based economic clusters, impacts of freight transportation improvements in economic competitiveness, mode choice in freight transportation, trucking combinatorial auctions, statistical analysis of transportation and trade networks, pedestrian safety in Florida, freight and logistics, interdisciplinary transportation modeling, network modeling, statistical and econometric modelling, trucking pricing and auctions, operations research, traffic assignment, agent based simulation, vehicle routing, game theory, among others.
Research areas for construction management faculty are project management, sustainable construction, construction materials and methods, risk management and computer modeling. Construction project management topics include project delivery systems, project performance evaluation and productivity. Sustainable construction areas include energy-efficient residential and commercial construction, renewable energy systems, project lifecycle energy projections, microgrid/smartgrid development and integration and green/smart buildings. Construction materials and methods research includes innovative materials and techniques for rapid construction, use of reclaimed asphalt, chemical soil stabilization with asphalt emulsion, cement and lime. Risk management includes risk mitigation during construction and operation of projects, disaster mitigation and disaster response. Computer modeling includes rapid construction prototyping using 3D, 4D and 5D building information modeling (BIM) and use of BIM for as-built construction drawings and facility operations.
The construction management program uses the civil engineering materials, geotechnical and transportation, laboratories for materials and soil-related research. Several computer laboratories are available for BIM related research. Additionally, the construction management program is in the process of building a high-energy efficient building on campus that will be used as a hands-on laboratory during construction and operation.
Faculty research has been supported through the Florida Department of Transportation, Turkish Airlines, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Affairs – Office of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Education.
Dr. Junyong Ahn areas of focus include construction project delivery systems, construction project performance evaluation, construction productivity, construction project risk management and innovative construction techniques.
Dr. Albert Bleakley’s areas of focus include, reclaimed asphalt, chemical soil stabilization (asphalt emulsion, cement, lime), construction contract management, disaster response and building Information Modeling (BIM).
Dr. Troy Nguyen’s areas of focus include renewable energy and power systems integration, high energy-efficiency residential and commercial building construction, Microgrid/Smartgrid development and integration and building Information Modeling (BIM) applications for rapid construction prototyping.
Research topics in engineering management are interdisciplinary in nature. The student may select a topic from their original engineering field, or a topic that spans several fields with the approval of the student’s major advisor and committee. Potential topics include, but are not limited to, project engineering, quality engineering, technology commercialization, engineering logistics and situational analysis.
Mechanical engineering faculty are actively engaged in a wide range of research including areas of energy, robotics, nonlinear dynamics and vibrations, biomechanics, materials, combustion and propulsion, structural controls and dynamic systems, control systems, instrumentation, optimization, laser material processing, and design and manufacturing. Dynamics research pertains to nonlinearity and noise in small-scale vibrational devices, the design of micro- and nano-scale resonators for sensing and signal processing applications. Materials research is being conducted in analytical and numerical models in phase coarsening. In the area of energy combustion and propulsion, research is focused on areas such as zero-energy building, inverse heat transfer problems and production and engineering of gas turbines and rotating machinery. In the area of design and manufacturing, research is being conducted in design process using networks and artifacts of early design. Laser materials research focuses on high-precision processing of virtually any material, micro- and nano-structuring, surface functionalization, cutting, drilling and polishing of gentle materials and In-volume processing of transparent materials
Major laboratories include the Robotics and Spatial Systems Laboratory (RASSL); Dynamic Systems and Controls (DSC) Laboratory; Laser Optics and Instrumentation Laboratory (LOIL); Design and Manufacturing Research Laboratory (DMRL); Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) Laborator,y and the laser materials processing laboratory among others. Faculty are also actively engaged in Florida Tech’s Center for Advanced Manufacturing and Innovative Design (CAMID) laboratory.
RASSL is equipped with several industrial robots as well as a state-of-the-art autonomous mobile robot. DSC laboratory is equipped with two electromagnetic single axis shakers and an 8-ft. single axis motion control table for low frequency vibration excitation, and a variety of motion sensors and other systems. DMRL is equipped with industry-standard software programs for advanced computer-aided design, manufacturing, simulation, design automation, knowledge-based engineering, and product lifecycle management. The lab also has several eye tracking devices, an electroencephalogram (EEG) machine, a driving simulator, and a collection of home-grown software programs. In LOIL, the current technologies in continuous wave and short-pulse lasers and optics are used to develop new techniques for measuring and characterizing material properties for biomedical and material processing applications. The laser material processing laboratory has several optical tables and material processing workstations. CAV is equipped with a Polaris GEM development vehicle that includes a number of advanced precision systems.
Faculty research has been supported through several grants from National Science Foundation (NSF), NASA (Marshal), NASA (Headquarters), Energy Florida, Department of Agriculture and industries such as Aerojet Rocketdyne and Lockheed Martin. Mechanical engineering faculty have also been recipients of the NSF career award and several NSF I-Corp projects.
Ocean Engineering And Marine Sciences Research
Research activities include studies of past and future climate change, paleobotany, paleoecology, biogeography, biodiversity, macroevolution and coral-reef ecology. Study locations range from local to international, including the Indian River Lagoon, the Bahamas, the Yucatan Peninsula, Panama, the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, the Galapagos Islands, Micronesia, Peru and Antarctica.
Research areas include effects of harmful algal blooms on marine mammals, impacts of stormwater runoff on riverine and estuarine water quality, groundwater seepage in Florida lakes, dissolved oxygen budgets in aquatic systems, trace-metal contamination of natural waters and sediments, acid deposition, trophic-state classification of lakes, trace organic contamination in coastal systems, hyperspectral remote sensing, and decomposition and sedimentation of aquatic macrophytes. Research is supported by the Marine and Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, which is equipped with water and wastewater sampling and analysis equipment, a total-organic-carbon analyzer, atomic absorption spectrophotometers and scintillation counters. Florida Tech maintains boats for fieldwork at the Envinrude Marine Operations Center.
Faculty and students engage in integrative marine biology research. Research programs include climate-change biology, marine ecology, paleoecology, biology and evolution of fishes such as sharks and sportfish species, toxicology, and biology of marine mammals. Specific research includes remote sensing, laboratory and field investigations to explore the effects of climate change and disease on coral reefs, adaptations of fish to changing environmental conditions, recruitment patterns of sportfish, and the effectiveness of marine protected areas.
Marine Geology and Geophysics
Research focuses on compositional and textural analysis of sediment and water samples.
Research topics in meteorology include thunderstorm electrification, coastal meteorology and tropical meteorology. Fieldwork explores the impact of the land surface on the wind and the role of wind as a driver of estuarine hydrodynamics. Atmospheric modeling simulates large-scale oscillations, urban effects on the surface fluxes of heat and moisture, and simulations of deep convection associated with thunderstorm electrification.
Molecular Marine Biology and Ecology
Collaborative research among diverse faculty and students fosters the application of molecular techniques to topics such as fertilization, quorum-sensing by soil bacteria and the plants that live symbiotically with corals, genetic identification of fishery populations, adaptations to climate change, marine diseases and the genetics of endangered shark populations.
Research interests center on coastal engineering, corrosion and materials, mineral exploitation in the sea, waste disposal, naval architecture and shipbuilding (including small craft), fluid dynamics, engineering and development of instrumentation, marine positioning, ocean energy, and development of underwater vehicles. Ships and marine facilities, both in-house and through HBOI and FIO, support activities involving coastal and offshore operations.
Research activities cover the spectrum of biological, chemical and physical oceanography, including studies of the plankton, benthos, benthic–pelagic coupling, transport and cycling of nutrients and contaminants in oceanic and coastal waters, tsunamis, climate change, and oceanic circulation.
Sustainability and Coastal Management
Research focuses on coastal adaptation to climate change, sustainability, protected areas and fishery connectivity to aid in government decision-making. Student research includes producing solar-powered and LEED-certified buildings, indicators for eco-certification programs and other applied mergers of science, socio-economics and technology.