Mathematical Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Math Colloquia

Date/TimeSpeakerTitle/Abstract

Friday, September 14

3:00 - 4:00pm

The MAC 

Dr. Ugur G. Abdulla

Department of Mathematical Sciences

Florida Institute of Technology 

Title: Breast Cancer Detection through Electrical Impedance Tomography and Optimal Control of Elliptic PDEs -- Invitation to Research

Abstract: In this talk I am going to discuss the inverse Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) problem or Calderon problem on recovering electrical conductivity tensor and potential in the body based on the measurement of the boundary voltages on the electrodes for a given electrode current. The inverse EIT problem presents an effective mathematical model of breast cancer detection based on the experimental fact that the electrical conductivity of malignant tumors of the breast is significantly different from conductivity of the normal tissue. I am going to introduce a mathematical model of the inverse EIT problem as a PDE constrained optimal control problem in a Sobolev-Besov spaces framework, where the electrical conductivity tensor and boundary voltages are control parameters, and the cost functional is the norm declinations of the boundary electrode current from the given current pattern and boundary electrode voltages from the measurements. The state vector is a solution of the second order elliptic PDE in divergence form with bounded measurable coefficients under mixed Neumann/Robin type boundary condition. Some recent results on the existence of the optimal control, Frechet differentiability in the Besov space setting, derivation of the he formula for the Frechet gradient, optimality condition, and extensive numerical analysis in the 2D case through implementation of the gradient method in Banach spaces will be presented. Talk will end with the formulation of some major open problems and the perspectives of future advance. 

Friday, October 5

3:00 - 4:00pm

The MAC

Dr. Yalchin Efendiev

Department of Mathematics

Texas A&M University 

Title: Data Integration in Multiscale Simulations

Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss several data integration techniques in multiscale simulations. I will give a brief overview of multiscale simulation concepts that will be used. These multiscale techniques are designed for problems when the coarse grid does not resolve scales and contrast. I will describe the relation between multiscale and upscaling methods. I will describe three data integration techniques. The first one, Bayesian multiscale modeling, will sample basis functions and incorporate available data. In the second approach, we will use deep learning techniques to design and modify existing multiscale methods in the presence of data and nonlinearities.

 Friday, October 12

3:00 - 4:00pm

The MAC

 Dr. Alexandr Tamasan

Department of Mathematics

University of Central Florida

Title: Current Density based Impedance Imaging (CDII)

Abstract: In this talk I will present the inverse hybrid problem of CDII, where the electrical conductivity of body is to be recovered from of the magnitude of one current density field. Physically we use a connection between the current density field generated from the boundary, with interior measurements of the magnetization in a MRI machine. The basic idea is to first recover the voltage potential, which solves a generalized 1-Laplacian. Mathematical methods involved in solving this problem combines ideas from Riemannian geometry with geometric measure theory, and touch on some algebraic topology.